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1.
公立医院是指由政府全部投资.承担政府赋予的工作任务,不以营利为目的,享受税收优惠的政府直属医疗机构。公立医院不同于由社会投资,不以营利为目的,收支结余主要用于改善医疗条件,投资者可以适当收取回报的社会公益医疗机构:也有别于社会投资,自主定价,依法纳税、以营利为目的的营利性医疗机构。  相似文献   

2.
房地产项目投资过程中需要从经济性角度进行投资分析,提高项目投资的科学性、合理性和针对性,为项目投资效益产生创造积极的条件。房地产项目投资过程中会面临很多的风险,需要对此类风险进行综合性评判,保证项目投资风险具有可控性。房地产项目投资需要运用财务手段对其投资额进行估算,保证项目投资效益指标能够符合行业发展的具体要求,为项目投资提升经济效益和社会效益创造积极的条件。  相似文献   

3.
论文对房地产项目的投资进行得出了房地产项目分散化投资可以降低甚至消除非系统风险的结论。了收益与风险优化分析,建立了“收益-系统风险”的房地产项目投资比例最优决策模型,给出了模型如何求解的方法,并对相关参数进行了讨论,分析了如何确定各投资项目的最佳投资比例,以获得最佳的投资目标,  相似文献   

4.
近年来我国社会经济发展迅速,交通设施、市政设施等领域开始应用PPP模式,通过该模式政府部门能够成功吸纳社会资本参与社会基础设施建设,进而促进社会整体健康稳定发展。然而PPP项目投资运作中存在较多风险,具体包括系统风险和非系统缝隙,这些风险存在会影响PPP项目的开展。基于此本文将对PPP项目投资运作模式进行分析,并在此基础上探讨PPP项目投资运作主要风险,进而从对风险把控体系进行完善、构建PPP项目风险管理机构、对风险分担体系进行完善等三方面探讨PPP项目投资的风险把控对策,为PPP项目投资运作和风险把控提供理论依据。  相似文献   

5.
中小企业投资项目风险识别和决策技术选择   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
对中小企业投资应该淡化规模意识,加强风险管理意识,尽快建立中小企业风险管理协会与中小企业项目管理系统,同时利用SWOT与贝叶斯风险模型等新技术与新方法,对中小企业投资项目进行风险控制和风险管理.  相似文献   

6.
我国为公益项目进行筹资的互联网众筹平台虽然运作的基本流程相仿,但各平台为避免其运作可能面临的最大风险——被控集资诈骗而设计的相关风险控制机制却不尽相同.通过对我国六大公益众筹平台的十四个维度风控机制运用情况的考察,本文分析了公益众筹平台风险控制机制存在的问题,并提出了相关改善建议.  相似文献   

7.
江荣科 《云南金融》2011,(6X):180-180
为了最大限度地降低政府投资项目的风险,政府在进行项目投资前,必须要针对项目进行风险分析,评估各自存在的风险,并以此为依据采取相应的措施。文章将就是政府投资项目风险分析进行探讨,主要包括风险辨识、风险估计、风险评价这三个部分。  相似文献   

8.
江荣科 《时代金融》2011,(18):180+208
为了最大限度地降低政府投资项目的风险,政府在进行项目投资前,必须要针对项目进行风险分析,评估各自存在的风险,并以此为依据采取相应的措施。文章将就是政府投资项目风险分析进行探讨,主要包括风险辨识、风险估计、风险评价这三个部分。  相似文献   

9.
项目投资活动大致可划分为投资决策、项目实施、投资中止与退出、投资后管理四个环节,投资决策环节是投资管理过程中的第一个环节,也是整个投资活动风险管理的核心与关键,投资决策风险一旦发生,可能直接导致企业投资项目失败,使得投资成本无法完整回收、投资收益无法按期实现。鉴于此,本文试图对投资决策风险的表现和动因进行浅要分析,  相似文献   

10.
审计部门因其特殊的职能和作用,担负着对政府投资项目进行跟踪审计的责任.通过对部分项目的跟踪审计,我们发现当前政府投资项目审计过程中存在着一定的风险.如何防范跟踪审计风险,是目前政府投资审计亟待解决的问题.现就审计风险产生的原因及如何有效防范政府投资项目跟踪审计风险,作出如下粗浅探讨.  相似文献   

11.
The complexity surrounding strategic capital investments present challenges to managers charged with evaluating these projects. In particular over-reliance on financial appraisal tools is thought to bias decision-makers against undertaking strategic projects that are crucial to the development of business capability and innovation. In response to this concern, several emergent analysis tools have been advanced as means to integrate strategic and financial analyses of capital investment projects. This paper examines the use of both conventional financial analysis tools and selected emergent analysis approaches in the capital investment decision-making of large UK manufacturing companies.The findings update previous studies on the use of financial analysis tools, but also examine how their use varies between strategic and non-strategic investment projects and the extent to which emergent analysis tools are impacting decision-making practice. Little evidence emerges of integration between strategic and financial analysis approaches. Financial analysis techniques still dominate the appraisal of all categories of capital investment projects, while risk analysis approaches remain simplistic, even for complex strategic projects. Despite their noted potential for informing strategic investment decisions, the emergent analysis tools barely register in practice. The appraisal of capital projects seems to reflect a ‘simple is best’ philosophy and a commitment to the role of intuition and judgement in assessing how the strategic dimensions of capital investments connect with their financial outcomes.  相似文献   

12.
以广东省集体林区农户为研究对象,以前景理论为基础,采用经济学实验测度农户风险偏好,并用Heckman模型对样本农户风险偏好对其经营意愿与投入强度等决策的影响关系进行分析。结果表明:样本农户大多呈现风险厌恶的特征;农户的风险厌恶程度、损失厌恶程度以及对事件判断的主观概率均会对其投入决策产生不同程度的影响;其经营决策并非遵循理性经济人的收益最大化,而是遵循“安全第一”的法则,面对风险等级较高的林业项目投入意愿较弱,投入强度较低。  相似文献   

13.
论文从生产率路径、融资约束路径和风险降低路径来论述金融发展对企业对外直接投资的影响。生产率路径主要表现为金融发展能够促进企业增加研发投入,能够帮助企业选择潜在收益最大项目进行投资,能够分散科技投资的风险从而提升企业生产率;融资约束路径主要表现为金融发展能够通过金融规模扩张、金融结构调整、金融效率提升来降低企业的融资约束;风险降低路径表现为金融发展能够通过市场深化与风险识别来降低企业对外直接投资的风险。  相似文献   

14.
The widely used risk-adjusted discount rate technique of investment evaluation has long been believed to be strictly appropriate only for projects whose risk increased with time. The "certainty equivalent proof" of that belief has recently been refuted. This paper attempts to demonstrate that the other proof of that belief, called the "compounding the risk premium" approach, is also flawed since it confuses the level of investment and the rate earned on investment.  相似文献   

15.
If firm performance affects managers' wealth or reputation, preferences of managers dominate firms' financing decisions. When information about real asset investment is symmetric, managers finance exclusively with equity. If managers know more about asset quality than do investors and if managers are sufficiently risk averse, they signal high-quality projects with debt. Increases in collateral value decrease risky debt use. Increases in interest rates that do not change productive opportunities increase debt use. The explanation for these and further results is based on underpricing of equity and overpricing of debt at the margin.  相似文献   

16.
关于日本银行界在融资过程中环境风险控制的研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
随着我国经济的飞速发展,环境污染程度日趋严重,一些新的投资项目面临着愈来愈高的环境保护要求,目前这些项目的建设资金主要来自于银行的贷款,这就要求银行的信贷决策必须更多地考虑环境风险的因素。但是,我国金融界普遍还未将环境风险评估机制引入项目审查体系,而与我国比邻的日本银行界,关于环境风险的控制水平已走在了世界的前列。本文从理论、实践两个层面对日本银行界的环境风险控制进行了研究,研究结果对我国银行界有非常重大的参考价值。  相似文献   

17.
This study uses a comprehensive European dataset to investigate the role of family control in corporate financing decisions during the period 1998–2008. We find that family firms have a preference for debt financing, a non‐control‐diluting security, and are more reluctant than non‐family firms to raise capital through equity offerings. We also find that credit markets are prone to provide long‐term debt to family firms, indicating that they view their investment decisions as less risky. In fact, our empirical results demonstrate that family firms invest less than non‐family firms in high‐risk, research and development (R&D) projects, but not in low‐risk, fixed‐asset capital expenditure (CAPEX) projects, suggesting that fear of control loss in family firms deters risk‐taking. Overall, our findings reveal that the external financing (and investment) decisions of family firms are in greater (lesser) conflict with the interests of minority shareholders (bondholders).  相似文献   

18.
This paper examines the trend towards greater sophistication in investment selection techniques and control processes, and their impact on capital budgeting decision effectiveness. Based on a sample of 100 large UK firms, the study examines the capital budgeting practices employed over an 11-year period. Very significant increases in the uptake of sophisticated investment methods are reported, particularly in the analysis of project risk. These developments are partly explained by the rapid developments in computing within capital budgeting. Clear evidence is found to suggest that senior finance executives believe that the adoption of sophisticated investment practices gives rise to improved effectiveness in the evaluation and control of large capital projects.  相似文献   

19.
随着中国风险投资行业不断扩张,为了避免高风险,需要多位决策人员共同参与投资项目的评价。而决策人员面对复杂系统更适合以区间数给出评价。本文提出风险投资的3个评价指标,运用粒子群算法集结区间数信息,构建群决策全局最优偏好矩阵,采用可能度矩阵和排序向量法确定次序。最后的应用研究结果表明,该方法具有一定的可行性和科学性,有利于风险投资项目评价的发展。  相似文献   

20.
This paper studies how the risk of having an unequal distribution of income across the population affects the investment in a public self-protection policy, such as financial regulation or climate change mitigation. Two economies are compared. In the first economy, there is perfect risk sharing, i.e., individuals can credibly commit on a set of transfers that will remove ex-post inequalities in consumption. In the second economy, no risk sharing takes place. By referring to the literature on background risks, I determine some conditions in terms of change in risk aversion and prudence, which guarantee an increase in self-protection under inefficient risk sharing. Generally speaking, if self-protection reduces the risk of inequality, the investment tends to rise when either the probability of a catastrophic event and/or the risk of inequality are sufficiently low. If self-protection increases the risk of inequality, the investment tends to rise when both the probabilities of aggregate loss and the increase in the risk of inequality are sufficiently small.  相似文献   

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