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1.
资本监管新规对中国商业银行的影响   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
中国银监会于2009年10月21日颁发《关于完善商业银行资本补充机制的通知》,核心是关注次级债和核心资本充足率,也称为资本监管新规。尽管资本监管新规提高了商业银行的安全度,但在短期内会加大其资本金压力和削弱其盈利能力。因此,扩展资本金补充渠道及改进盈利模式是商业银行必须要解决的问题。  相似文献
2.
This paper examines banks' capital, portfolio and growth decisions from 1986 to 1995, when risk-based capital guidelines were proposed and implemented. Overall, we observe complementarity between equity financing and risk. We find no systematic differences in pre- and postregulation behavior consistent with banks reacting to risk-based capital standards implementation. We do find significant differences, however, between low-capital banks and other banks. For example, increases in equity generally do not lead to increases in assets unless the bank has low capital. We also find that the impact of regulatory variables, such as the ratio of equity to total assets or the of ratio risk-weighted assets to total assets, have the predicted, significant effects for low-capital banks but not necessarily for other banks.  相似文献
3.
资本监管制度的顺周期性及其补救方法   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
目前,席卷全球的金融危机促使人们重新审视诸多重大的监管问题,如资本监管制度的顺周期性。几年前,学术界就对资本监管制度的顺周期性表示深度担忧,但是他们的观点并没有得到国际监管部门的足够重视;出台了一些补救措施力度不够。随着金融危机的影响面不断扩大,资本监管制度的顺周期愈益突出。近期,金融稳定委员会发布了解决金融体系顺周期性的报告,重点讨论资本监管的顺周期性。从监管部门的角度看,核心的问题是保证银行在经济下行时期银行持有充足的资本,从而确保整个金融体系的稳定。作为缓解顺周期的补救措施及内在稳定指标,本文提出,将资本充足率计算与经济综合景气指标挂钩,比与资产价格挂钩能够更好地反映中国和其他发展中国家的国情。进而,监管部门则可以考虑设计逆经济周期的监管政策,比如西班牙式的动态准备金计提制度。  相似文献
4.
Credit Card Securitization and Regulatory Arbitrage   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
This paper explores the motivations and desirability of off-balance sheet financing of credit card receivables by banks. We explore three related issues: the degree to which securitizations result in the transfer of risk out of the originating bank, the extent to which securitization permits banks to economize on capital by avoiding regulatory minimum capital requirements, and whether banks' avoidance of minimum capital regulation through securitization with implicit recourse has been undesirable from a regulatory standpoint. We show that regulatory capital arbitrage is an important consequence of securitization. The avoidance of capital requirements could be motivated either by efficient contracting or by safety net abuse. We find that securitizing banks set their capital relative to managed assets according to market perceptions of their risk, and seem not to be motivated by maximizing implicit subsidies relating to the government safety net when managing their risk. This evidence is more consistent with the efficient contracting view of securitization with implicit recourse than with the safety net abuse view.  相似文献
5.
银行信贷、资本监管双重顺周期性与逆周期金融监管   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
商业银行信贷和资本监管具有顺周期性。银行信贷顺周期性导致经济繁荣时期的贷款扩张和经济衰退时的贷款紧缩。《巴塞尔资本协议Ⅱ》下的资本监管约束,在经济衰退时会促使银行形成信贷萎缩效应,影响和制约货币政策有效性的发挥,次贷危机为《巴塞尔资本协议Ⅱ》下的银行风险管理和监管的创新带来了新的要求和挑战。要减轻顺周期的影响,增强金融体系的稳定性,需要建立逆周期动态调整的资本监管制度,构建逆周期的宏观审慎监管框架,并协调运用与宏观经济运行相逆的货币政策,协调各宏微观监管部门,完善风险预警体系和银行的激励约束机制。  相似文献
6.
An empirical analysis of home equity loan and line performance   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Given the growth in home equity lending during the 1990s, it is imperative that lenders and regulators understand the risks associated with this segment of the residential mortgage market. Using a unique panel data set of over 135,000 homeowners with second mortgages, our analysis indicates that significant differences exist in the prepayment and default probabilities of home equity loans and lines, providing insights into bank minimum capital requirements. We find that households with equity loans are relatively more sensitive to changes in interest rates. By contrast, households with equity lines are more sensitive to appreciation in property value.  相似文献
7.
资本约束、治理机制和银行风险承担   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文运用我国2006—2009年34家商业银行的127个面板数据,对资本约束、治理机制对于银行风险承担的影响进行了实证研究。结果发现:银行的风险主要与银行的治理机制有关、与银行的资本约束无关,银行的第一大股东持股比例以及董事会的规模与银行的风险负相关,高管的薪酬与银行风险正相关。银行资本的变动受到两者的共同影响。  相似文献
8.
资本管理是银行风险管理的核心内容,银行通过资本结构的合理安排,不仅能有效覆盖风险,满足资本监管要求,还能同时提高财务效率。本文结合混合型资本工具的特点及各国监管规定,分析了商业银行的最佳资本结构选择,并提出了我国商业银行的应对策略。  相似文献
9.
This paper examines the related problems of the capitalization and financial performance of the railway companies in the inter-war period. It examines the critics' view that the railways were over-capitalized, and places the debate in context by analysing the dividend and accounting policies of the companies and the consequences for investment. It also examines the conflicting views of railway management and shareholders over capital expenditure. The paper concludes that the railways were both financially over-capitalized and physically under-capitalized, and so faced very serious financial problems that were incapable of resolution within the existing ownership structure.  相似文献
10.
Following a few general considerations on the recently proposed revision of the Basel Agreement on capital adequacy, this paper focuses on the first pillar of the Basel Committee proposals, the handling of capital requirements for credit risk in the banking book. The Basel Committee envisages an approach alternatively based on external ratings or on internal rating systems for the determination of the minimum capital requirement related to bank loan portfolios. This approach supports a system of capital requirements that is more sensitive to credit risk. On the basis of specific assumptions, these requirements provide a measure of the value at risk (VaR) produced by models used by major international banks. We first address the impact of the standardised and (internal ratings-based) IRB foundation approach using general data on Italian banks loans' portfolios default rates. We then simulate the impact of the proposed new rules on the corporate loan portfolios of Italian banks, using the unique data set of mortality rates recently published by the Bank of Italy. Three main conclusions emerge from the analysis: (i) the standardised approach implicitly penalizes Italian banks in their interbank funding as their rating is generally below AA/Aa, (ii) the average default rate experienced by Italian banks is higher than the one implied in the benchmark risk weight (BRW) proposed by the Basel Committee for the IRB foundation approach, thereby potentially leading to an increase in the regulatory risk weights, and (iii) the risk-weight is based on an average asset correlation that is significantly higher than the one historically recorded within the Italian banks' corporate borrowers. These findings support the need for a significant revision of the basic inputs and assumptions of the Basel proposals. Finally, in relation to the conditions that allow the capital market to effectively discipline banks, we comment on the proposals advanced in relation to the third pillar of the new capital adequacy scheme.  相似文献
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