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1.
从新斯旺模型看我国利率与汇率政策的组合   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
本文介绍了一个考虑了资本流动时竞争效应与平衡表效应的新斯旺模型。该模型从资产市场与产品市场的角度描述经济的内外部均衡,说明了如何通过利率与汇率政策来管理危机或经济失衡。通过分析我国的新斯旺模型,本研究发现具有竞争效应小于平衡表效应的特征。在当前我国面临内外部失衡的状况下,模型说明我国应采取利率上调与人民币升值的“双升”的政策组合。当然针对复杂的经济矛盾还需要配合其他政策。  相似文献
2.
Competitive Effects of Disclosure in a Strategic Entry Model   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
We investigate the welfare consequences of incumbent firms' mutual disclosure of cost information when there is a threat of entry from a firm not required to disclose its private cost information. New effects of disclosure are observed relative to no-entry models, with the result that incumbents' expected output is a decreasing function of the disclosure level. However, further analysis shows that increased disclosure usually increases incumbent expected profits and decreases expected consumer surplus, despite the additional entry effect of disclosure. Such analytical derivations provide objective input to the FASB as they attempt to predict the competitive effects of changing mandated disclosure requirements.  相似文献
3.
理论分析与实证检验都表明,票据融资的竞争效应带来了整体金融功能与效率的增强与提升.主要体现在:企业的融资渠道增加、融资成本降低;在票据融资的竞争下,商业银行增加了对中小企业的信贷规模,转换了经营管理理念,通过不断创新的、优质便利的金融商品与服务拓展生存空间,从而提升了金融发展层次,提高了整个社会融资的满足度及社会对金融商品、金融服务需求的满足度.  相似文献
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5.
在分割的劳动力市场前提下,个人人力资本投资具有岗位竞争优势,并对他人造成了负的挤出效应.因此,个人动态最优化的均衡结果不符合社会帕累托最优.这一假说能够合理解释当前中国居民人力资本投资需求强烈这一典型化事实,并为中国公共教育政策调整提供了一定的政策依据.  相似文献
6.
We find, like [Lang, L.H.P., Stulz, R.M., 1992. Contagion and competitive intra-industry effects of bankruptcy announcements: An empirical analysis, Journal of Financial Economics, 32(1), 45–60], that large firm bankruptcies generate a dominant contagion effect. A value-weighted portfolio of competitors' stocks experiences a significant loss of 0.56% in the three days centered around the Chapter 11 announcement. This represents an average loss of $3.32 for all the competitors combined for every dollar lost by the bankrupt firm. In addition, we find that small firm bankruptcies also generate a dominant contagion effect among smaller sized competitors; an equally-weighted portfolio of all competitors has a significant 0.12% drop. In a new approach to separate the contagion and competitive effects, we compare the stock price reactions of competitors who themselves subsequently file for bankruptcy in the next three years (candidates for contagion effect) with those who do not do so (candidates for competitive effect). As expected, candidates for contagion effect experience a significant, negative three-day stock price reaction of −4.68%. However, contrary to expectations, candidates for competitive effect also have a significant, negative return (−0.49%), suggesting that the competitive effect is weak at best since it is dominated by the contagion effect even in this sample. Other procedures to identify candidates for competitive effect generally yield similar findings. Finally, we analyze competitors' stock price reactions based on selected characteristics (e.g., industry concentration, and leverage), with similar results as before. One explanation for the failure to detect a competitive effect is that the impact may already have been incorporated in stock prices prior to the filing for Chapter 11. Consistent with this explanation, we find significant positive stock price reactions by competitor stocks for the hundred days prior to the bankruptcy announcement.  相似文献
7.
This study investigates the comovement in stock indices among major developed markets, where Morgan Stanley Capital International (MSCI) indices are employed for the purposes of the study. We employ a model that accommodates multilateral international impacts on equity index movements. The empirical results reveal the existence of significant international transmission effects among these major world markets, both in terms of returns and volatility, and mostly in a positive direction. The U.S. market, as expected, is the leading market in the sense that it has the most pervasive and significant impact on all markets across continents. However, the U.S. market exhibits a different relationship with European markets from that with Asia-Pacific markets. The evidence also suggests that strong regional transmission effects exist. A further investigation using the extended model reveals that the linkages between U.S. and European markets are driven by positive global common forces and by negative international competitive effects. On the other hand, the U.S. and Asian markets are linked through positive global common forces and positive international contagion effects. The United States, Canada, and the U.K. are the three markets that still demonstrate contagion influence over countries outside its own region. The Asia-Pacific markets are more susceptible to contagion effects. Finally, it is interesting to find that Japanese market performance became more contagious toward other markets during the Asian financial crisis period.  相似文献
8.
We examine whether intra–industry information transfers from going–concern audit opinion announcements create contagion or competitive stock price reactions for other real estate firms operating in the same line of business. Using returns from publicly-traded land subdivision/development firms and Real Estate Investment Trusts, we find modest evidence supporting a competitive effect among rival firms as a result of another real estate firm announcing the receipt of a Going Concern Opinion (GCO) from its independent auditors.  相似文献
9.
This study examines the economic effects of the liberalization of foreign bank entry in the Philippines from 1990 to 2006. The findings provide strong evidence on the dominance of competition effects from foreign bank presence which lead to the reduction in the profitability and overhead costs of domestic commercial banks. These findings, which reveal that both the actual market penetration and mere presence of foreign banks seem to exert competitive pressure to domestic banks, imply that foreign banks may serve as an effective competitive force, reducing the excess profits earned by domestic banks and compelling domestic banks to update their production technologies and techniques to improve their cost efficiency.From a policy perspective, the findings on competition effects of foreign banks in the domestic banking system justify the liberalization of foreign bank entry in the Philippines. The main findings demonstrate that the goal of banking liberalization in transforming domestic banks to be more competitive and efficient works considerably well in the case of the Philippines. Aside from the policy of easing the entry of foreign banks, bank-specific conditions can have significant impact on the performance of domestic banks. Therefore, a sustained improvement in the efficiency of domestic commercial banks requires not only liberalizing the entry of foreign banks, but also on continued strengthening of domestic prudential regulation and supervision on the commercial banking system.  相似文献
10.
张学勇  张爽  温雅 《投资研究》2011,(11):133-143
本文以"高盛投资美的电器"事件为案例,实证研究外资私募股权投资事件对中国目标行业可能产生的影响。研究发现:在外资私募股权投资首次宣告期内,目标方获得正的累计超额收益率,目标方竞争对手企业获得负的累计超额收益率;当宣告投资终止之时,目标企业获得负的累计超额收益率,目标方竞争对手企业的累计超额收益率不显著,从而支持竞争效应假说,而经营效率指标对竞争对手企业的市场反应具有显著正向解释力。  相似文献
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