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内部控制和企业价值之间存在着密切的联系,内部控制是否有效及效率高低影响着企业的价值。内部控制质量高的企业有动机通过自愿性信息披露向市场传递企业价值较高的信号,由于信号传递作用,企业更容易获得较低成本的商业信用和银行信用借款,提升了企业价值,而内部控制质量低的企业没有动机进行内部控制信息披露,从而不得不付出较高的债务融资成本,降低了企业价值。  相似文献
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大数定律与小微企业授信模式研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
贷款难一直是小微企业面临的最大问题。商业银行从自身盈利角度出发,面对日渐突出的金融脱媒现象,经营思路亟需转型,开发小微企业贷款业务以开辟新的业务增长点。本文基于大数定律,从商业银行角度出发,分析了小微企业授信模式。授信模式的选择和贷款利率确定是本文研究的两个重要方面,风险管拄贯穿整个授信过程。  相似文献
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“贷款难、贷款贵”一直是制约小微企业发展的难点问题,是普惠制金融业务的拦路虎.如何创新适合小微企业特点,并能享受与其它经济主体同等金融服务的信贷模式?理论界和银行业都在不断地研究和探索.2012年以来,江西赣州银座村镇银行对此进行了践行,创建并实施了“小微企业主信贷模式”,探寻出一条适合赣南小微企业发展的新路径,实现了社会效益和经济效益的有机统一.  相似文献
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This paper develops a structural model of contingent capital. In contrast to existing approaches we explicitly link the firm’s total payout to its cost of debt, leading to a total payout that is linear in—as opposed to proportional to—asset value. In the special case that asset value evolves as affine geometric Brownian motion we derive closed-form expressions for limiting (i.e. perpetual) bond values. The proposed model is flexible, so that it can be used to gauge the relative merits of different variations of contingent capital, and parsimonious, so that it is relatively easy to implement in practice. An empirical example using data from the Canadian banking sector is provided that illustrates how the model can generate insights into problems that are of interest to both regulators and issuers of contingent capital (e.g. what range of conversion prices would be consistent with regulatory guidelines, and how expensive is contingent debt over this range).  相似文献
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Contingent convertible (CoCo) bonds are characterized by forced equity conversion under either an accounting or regulatory trigger. The accounting trigger occurs when the capital ratio of the issuing bank falls below some contractual threshold. Under the regulatory trigger, sometimes called the point-of-non-viability (PONV) trigger, the regulatory authority may enforce equity conversion when the financial health of the bank deteriorates to certain distressed level. In this paper, we propose an equity-credit modelling of the joint process of the stock price and the capital ratio that integrates both a structural approach for the accounting trigger and a reduced-form approach for the PONV trigger of equity conversion. We also construct effective Fortet algorithms and finite difference schemes for numerical pricing of CoCo bonds under various forms of equity conversion pay-off. The pricing properties of CoCo bonds are examined under different assumptions for the state-dependent intensity of the PONV trigger, the contractual specifications and market conditions.  相似文献
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