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1.
Young agents with low wealth-income ratios counter factually hold more stock than young, rich agents and old agents using the standard portfolio choice model with i.i.d. stock returns and labor income. This paper matches the countercyclical volatility and procyclical mean of U.S. labor income and finds that, consistent with U.S. data, young, poor agents now hold less stock than both young, rich agents and old agents, and no stock a large fraction of the time. Our results suggest that the predictability of labor income growth at a business-cycle frequency, particularly the countercyclical variation in volatility, plays an important role in a young agent's decision making about her portfolio's stock holding.  相似文献
2.
本文在借鉴国际计算方法的基础上,对我国城镇居民参与股市的广度和深度进行了测算,并实证检验了其对城镇居民财产性收入的影响。研究发现股市参与广度和深度对财产性收入提高均有显著正向促进作用,但城镇居民股市参与广度的影响总体服从倒U型特征。同时,房产价格和收入分配差距也对城镇居民财产性收入有显著影响。  相似文献
3.
本文主要探讨了证券市场主要参与者间关系及其变化。研究发现,与国外证券交易所之间的竞争不同,我国沪深两个交易所之间的竞争主要表现为监管竞争与对板块上市机会的主动争取上;证监会与交易所之间的关系是一种领导关系而非监管、合作关系;就证监会与被监管者而言,除监管关系以外,证监会与被监管者之间还存在着容忍、合谋等关系;上市公司与投资者之间的关系主要是一种合作与监督关系。  相似文献
4.
已有的研究表明,社会互动推动了家庭的股市参与。依据社会互动推动家庭股市参与不同机制的理论基础和预测,本文对不同的具体机制进行了研究,我们发现在局部品支出比例高、收入分布集中度高的区(村),社会互动推动股市参与的作用更显著,这与外部习惯模型及相对财富关注模型的理论预测一致,事前对局部稀缺品的关注使得家庭的股市参与存在外部性。社会互动推动股市参与其他机制的理论预测则未得到数据的支持。  相似文献
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Limited participation in risky financial markets has long been a puzzle. Empirical evidence shows a strong relationship between housing and investment of risky financial assets, but with varying and conflicting results. We contribute to the literature by distinguishing housing for consumption and for investment, and by considering the role of housing price expectation when exploring households’ participation in stock markets. We find that home equity ratio and housing area play significant roles in households’ participation in stock markets. Households with higher home equity ratio or larger housing are less likely to own, and hold fewer stock assets if they do. We also find that the number of houses has a positive effect on stock investment for households with the same home equity ratio and housing size, which could be explained by credit rationing. Furthermore, housing price expectation has a negative effect on stock investment; this effect is larger for homeowners with multiple houses who are more likely to take houses for investment. Our results show insights into conflicting results of the relationship between real estate and stock investment.  相似文献
7.
We examine whether initial returns influence investors’ decisions to return to the stock market following withdrawal. Using a survival analysis technique to estimate Finnish retail investors’ likelihood of stock market re-entry reveals that investors who experience lower initial returns are less likely to return, even after controlling for returns in the last month and average monthly returns for the duration of investing. This primacy effect is robust to accounting for endogeneity in investors’ exit decisions, and other behavioural biases such as recency and saliency of investment experience. Individual investors appear to be subject to primacy bias and tend to put a significant weight on initial experiences in re-entry decisions.  相似文献
8.
投资者主观能力感受对居民家庭金融市场参与有显著影响。基于中国居民家庭微观调查数据,根据家庭户主对市场了解程度的自我评价以及能力水平感受构建指标,发现居民家庭主观能力感受对居民家庭市场参与行为具有显著的正向影响。同时研究也发现教育程度、家庭收入和健康状况等均会显著影响居民家庭的主观能力感受。  相似文献
9.
The owners of small noncorporate businesses face substantial and largely uninsurable entrepreneurial risk. They are also an important group of stock owners. This paper explores the role of entrepreneurial risk in explaining time variation in expected U.S. stock returns in the period 1952–2010. It proposes an entrepreneurial distress factor that is based on a cointegrating relationship between aggregate consumption and income from proprietary and nonproprietary wealth. This factor, referred to here as the cpy residual, signals when entrepreneurial income is low in relation to aggregate consumption and other forms of income in the economy. It is highly correlated with cross‐sectional measures of idiosyncratic entrepreneurial and default risk, and it has considerable forecasting power for the expected equity premium. However, the correlation between cpy and the stock market started to decline at the beginning of the 1980s. The decline in this correlation can be associated with increased stock market participation and with the progress of U.S. state‐level bank deregulation. This pattern is consistent with the view that entrepreneurial risk became more easily diversifiable in the wake of U.S. state‐level bank deregulation.  相似文献
10.
We construct a set of household‐level background risk variables to capture the covariance structure of three nonfinancial assets and two financial assets. These risks are in general statistically significant and economically important for a household's stock market participation and stockholdings. A one‐standard‐deviation increase in background risks reduces the participation probability by 11% and the stockholdings‐to‐wealth ratio by 4%. The volatilities of labor income, housing value, and business income reduce a household's participation and stockholdings. A household with labor income highly correlated with stock (bond) returns is less (more) likely to invest in stock.  相似文献
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