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1.
上市公司股权结构与现金持有水平关系的实证分析   总被引:14,自引:0,他引:14  
从公司治理视角出发,以中国上市公司为样本,对股权结构与企业现金持有决策关系进行了理论与实证分析.结果表明,经理人员持股比例、流通A股比例与企业现金持有水平显著正相关;法人股比例、股权集中度与企业现金持有水平显著负相关;第一大股东持股比例与企业现金持有水平正相关,但不显著;国有股比例与企业现金持有水平负相关,但极不显著.  相似文献
2.
我国商业银行规模经济效率的实证分析及建议   总被引:10,自引:1,他引:9  
竞争是开放条件下银行必须面对的生存法则,对即将与外资银行展开全面竞争的中国银行业来说,提高竞争力的关键是要提高国有商业银行的竞争力.而竞争优势本质上是效率优势,也就是要最大限度地节约成本、增加收益.本文运用随机前沿方法对我国商业银行1994~2002年的规模效率进行了实证研究,引入超越对数成本函数和Cobb-Douglas成本函数并对两者进行了假设检验,估计出了各大银行的规模效率;在此基础上指出,国有商业银行经营过程中长期存在的规模不经济,表面上源于规模大、人员机构多,实质则是隐藏于它们背后的国有产权制度安排和金融领域的长期垄断.  相似文献
3.
This paper finds that compared with non-state-owned firms, Chinese state-owned enterprises controlled by province, city, and county governments (local SOEs) are more likely to hire small auditors within the same region (small local auditors). In regions with less developed institutions, SOEs controlled by central government (central SOEs) also have such a tendency. However, the tendency of local and central SOEs to hire small local auditors is attenuated as the institutions develop. This auditor choice pattern is likely to be explained by SOEs’ lack of demand for large or non-local auditors, small local auditors’ superior local knowledge, and SOEs’ collusion incentives.  相似文献
4.
我国商业银行效率问题与改革策略透析   总被引:8,自引:2,他引:6  
提高效率进而提高银行竞争力,是我国加入WTO的必然趋势,是实现国有银行商业化和国际化,从而确保金融安全,经济持续稳定发展的重大举措.本文运用非参数的数据包络分析法(DEA)评估了1994~2001年我国商业银行的技术效率,然后运用Tobit模型对影响效率的环境因素进行了计量实证,结果表明:资产收益率对银行效率有显著的正向影响,产权结构对银行效率有显著的负向影响,而其他变量基本上没有影响或只有弱的影响.因此,提高国有商业银行效率的关键是要对其进行产权制度改革,从根本上解决不良资产滋生的制度根源,而不是政府补贴及其他.  相似文献
5.
Wealth Effects of Private Equity Placements: Evidence from Singapore   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
We examine institutional characteristics and the wealth effects of private equity placements in Singapore. Our findings show that private placements in Singapore generally result in a negative wealth effect and a reduction in ownership concentration. We find that at high levels of ownership concentration, the relation between abnormal returns and changes in ownership concentration is significantly negative. We also show that the market reacts less favorably to placements in which management ownership falls below 50%, but more favorably to issues to single investors. We do not find evidence suggesting that our results are due to an information effect.  相似文献
6.
相互持股问题研究   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
近年我国出现了公司间相互持股现象,对此,理论界展开了讨论。有的论者表示赞成乃至积极提倡,而有的论者则极力反对,分歧较大。本文在分析相互持股的类型、利弊的基础上,从会计层面对相互持股所引发的投资收益确定问题加以探讨,以期有所贡献。  相似文献
7.
Corporate governance and firm performance   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
How is corporate governance measured? What is the relationship between corporate governance and performance? This paper sheds light on these questions while taking into account the endogeneity of the relationships among corporate governance, corporate performance, corporate capital structure, and corporate ownership structure. We make three additional contributions to the literature:First, we find that better governance as measured by the Gompers, Ishii, and Metrick [Gompers, P.A., Ishii, J.L., and Metrick, A., 2003, Corporate governance and equity prices, Quarterly Journal of Economics 118(1), 107–155.] and Bebchuk, Cohen and Ferrell [Bebchuk, L., Cohen, A., and Ferrell, A., 2004, What matters in corporate governance?, Working paper, Harvard Law School] indices, stock ownership of board members, and CEO-Chair separation is significantly positively correlated with better contemporaneous and subsequent operating performance.Second, contrary to claims in GIM and BCF, none of the governance measures are correlated with future stock market performance. In several instances inferences regarding the (stock market) performance and governance relationship do depend on whether or not one takes into account the endogenous nature of the relationship between governance and (stock market) performance.Third, given poor firm performance, the probability of disciplinary management turnover is positively correlated with stock ownership of board members, and board independence. However, better governed firms as measured by the GIM and BCF indices are less likely to experience disciplinary management turnover in spite of their poor performance.  相似文献
8.
This study examines the relations between leverage and investment in China's listed firms, where corporate debt is principally provided by state-owned banks. We obtain three major findings. First, there is a negative relation between leverage and investment. Second, the negative relation between leverage and investment is weaker in firms with low growth opportunities and poor operating performance than in firms with high growth opportunities and good operating performance. Third, the negative relation between leverage and investment is weaker in firms with a higher level of state shareholding than in firms with a lower level of state shareholding. Overall, our results are consistent with the hypothesis that the state-owned banks in China impose fewer restrictions on the capital expenditures of low growth and poorly performing firms and also firms with greater state ownership. This creates an overinvestment bias in these firms.  相似文献
9.
This paper examines the relation between insider ownership and corporate performance in the presence of adjustment costs and investigates how the adjustment costs are determined. In a model specification without adjustment costs, we find that insider ownership is significantly positively associated with corporate performance. But once we allow for adjustment costs, the relationship no longer exists. We find that insider ownership and corporate performance can be explained by their respective lagged values and that many firm characteristics that were previously useful in explaining these two variables turn out to be statistically insignificant. In addition, there is no evidence that insider ownership and corporate performance affect each other. This is consistent with the adjustment cost argument. It is also consistent with the “endogeneity” argument suggested by Demsetz [Demsetz, H. 1983. The structure of ownership and the theory of the firm. Journal of Law and Economics 26, 375–390.], Demsetz and Lehn [Demsetz, H., Lehn, K., 1985. The structure of corporate ownership: causes and consequences. Journal of Political Economy 93, 1155–1177.], and Demsetz and Villalonga [Demsetz, H., Villalonga, B., 2001. The ownership structure and corporate performance. Journal of Corporate Finance 7, 209–233.]. Finally, we document that the speed of adjustment of insider ownership is positively related to insiders' market timing but negatively to the number of insiders and that the speed of adjustment of Tobin's Q is positively associated with financial leverage and stock price volatility.  相似文献
10.
本文研究了1999—2003年间中国上市公司现金持有水平的影响因素,包括财务特征、股权结构和治理环境。就全部样本来说,我们发现,(1)上市公司的现金持有水平与规模和财务杠杆负相关,与资产周转效率、现金流量、成长性/投资机会、股利支付需要和融资需要等正相关。(2)第一大股东持股比例与超额现金持有水平之间存在着显著的U型非线性关系,外部大股东持股比例与超额现金持有水平之间存在着显著的正相关关系;治理环境基本上与超额现金持有水平之间呈现出明显的负相关关系。同时,我们还根据控股股东性质对四个子样本进行了分析,发现在不同子样本的实证结果之间存在着一些比较明显的差异。  相似文献
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