首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   25篇
  完全免费   2篇
  财政金融   27篇
  2019年   1篇
  2017年   3篇
  2015年   3篇
  2014年   1篇
  2013年   2篇
  2012年   1篇
  2011年   1篇
  2010年   5篇
  2008年   1篇
  2007年   3篇
  2006年   2篇
  2004年   1篇
  2003年   2篇
  2002年   1篇
排序方式: 共有27条查询结果,搜索用时 203 毫秒
1.
前景理论与中国开放式基金的实证检验   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
前景理论的价值函数呈现S型,反映出投资者在盈利状态下倾向于先卖出证券,不愿意承担确定性风险,而在亏损状态下倾向于持有证券,更加倾向于承担不确定风险。经过实证分析,中国开放式基金也存在这一现象,即,开放式基金持有人在获利的情况下会先赎回该基金,并且,基金净值增长越快,其被赎回的比例越高;而持有人在亏损的情况下则倾向于继续持有该基金,去承担更多的不确定性风险。  相似文献
2.
前景理论与中国开放式基金的实证检验   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
前景理论的价值函数呈现S型,反映出投资者在盈利状态下倾向于先卖出证券,不愿意承担确定性风险,而在亏损状态下倾向于持有证券,更加倾向于承担不确定风险。经过实证分析,中国开放式基金也存在这一现象,即,开放式基金持有人在获利的情况下会先赎回该基金,并且,基金净值增长越快,其被赎回的比例越高;而持有人在亏损的情况下则倾向于继续持有该基金,去承担更多的不确定性风险。  相似文献
3.
Tax Evasion and Equity Theory: An Investigative Approach   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Traditional economic theory assumes rational individuals with stable preferences who, given an array of options and probabilities, maximize their expected utility. However, experimental research finds that individuals make systematic mistakes when attempting to maximize their expected utility. The economic psychology approach includes aspects of the traditional economic approach and the psychological approach that emphasizes values, attitudes, norms, conformity and morals.This paper investigates equity theory and tax evasion using the framework of prospect theory pioneered by Tversky and Kahneman. We design an investigation to identify if individual behavior follows the usual results of prospect theory, given a scenario that frames a perception of inequity. The investigation frames a scenario to invoke a controlled tax regime. The frame varies according to which inequity is being measured, exchange or social. Once the scenario is established, a questionnaire is designed to determine how the individual responds when filing taxes. The responses to the control questions are consistent with prospect theory. However, in general the responses to the framed questions, depicting inequity, are more consistent with expected utility theory.  相似文献
4.
西方行为金融学理论的进展   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
西方行为金融学 (BehavioralFinance)产生于 2 0世纪 80年代。西方的许多经济学家在研究投资活动过程中发现 ,微观经济学和金融学的许多数学模型 ,不能很好地解释和预测现实中的投资活动 ,开始加强对投资活动中人的行为与心理的研究 ,并取得了丰硕的研究成果。为此 ,美国普林斯顿大学的行为金融学家丹尼尔·卡恩曼 (DanielKahnemn)荣获 2 0 0 2年度的诺贝尔经济学奖。本文重点介绍西方行为金融学的四大研究成果 ,即视野理论 (ProspectTheory)、后悔理论 (RegretTheory)、过度反应理论(OverreactionTheory)及过度自信理论 (OverconfidenceTheory)。  相似文献
5.
货币政策的非对称性:基于前景理论的解释   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
利用前景理论及其扩展研究不同货币政策下人们的行为选择及其变化,结果表明:不同的货币政策下,收入水平和边际利得的不同会促使人们相应地调整参考点和权重,使总价值函数处于不同的位置(税收和通胀也都对参考点和总价值具有重要的影响),使人们呈现出不同的风险偏好,并采取不同的应对措施,从而导致了货币政策的非对称性.  相似文献
6.
国外纳税遵从研究动态   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
国外有关纳税遵从的研究主要从以下两条途径展开:一是起始于Allingham & Sandmo的A-S分析模型,运用预期效用理论来分析纳税人的纳税遵从决策;二是基于Tversky & Kahneman提出的期望理论分析风险选择偏好以及框架效应等对纳税人纳税遵从行为的影响,并解释预期效用理论下分析纳税人纳税遵从行为的一些困惑.本文借鉴国外纳税遵从的研究并结合我国实际情况,提出了完善我国的税务稽查与处罚制度、提高社会整体税收道德水平、增强财政公平度及优化税款预缴制度以提升我国的纳税遵从水平的建议.  相似文献
7.
从前景理论看纳税遵从决策与征管策略选择   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文认为,以理性和自利为假设前提的预期效用理论虽然可以解释一般的纳税遵从决策,却无法解释那些并不完全理性、自利的遵从行为,20世纪80年代以来前景理论的引入弥补了这方面的不足。前景理论的反射性效应、确定性效应和分离性效应原理解释了纳税人的实际决策与理性决策相偏离的现象,为税收征管策略的选择提供了重要的理论基础和政策启示。  相似文献
8.
The CAPM is Alive and Well: A Review and Synthesis   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Mean-Variance (M-V) analysis and the CAPM are derived in the expected utility framework. Behavioural Economists and Psychologists (BE&P) advocate that expected utility is invalid, suggesting Prospect Theory as a substitute paradigm. Moreover, they show that the M-V rule, which is the foundation of the CAPM, is not always consistent with peoples' choices. Thus, BE&P cast doubt on the validity of expected utility paradigm and of the M-V rule, hence the CAPM is theoretically questionable. In addition, there is very little empirical support to the CAPM. We show in this study that the CAPM is theoretically valid even when one accepts the BE&P framework and even when expected utility is invalid. Moreover, within the BE&P framework there is a strong experimental support for the CAPM.  相似文献
9.
Benartzi and Thaler [The Quarterly Journal of Economics 110 (1995) 73–92] offer a quasi-rational explanation for the equity premium puzzle. We reconsider their methodology and, making a simple modification to it, find that their analysis is not robust.  相似文献
10.
Prior research documents that many investors disproportionately hold on to losing stocks while selling stocks which have gained in value. This systematic behavior is labeled as the “disposition effect”. The phenomenon can be explained by prospect theory's idea that subjects value gains and losses relative to a reference point like the purchase price (PP), and that they are risk-seeking in the domain of possible losses and risk-averse when a certain gain is obtainable. Our experiments were designed to test whether individual-level disposition effects attenuate or survive in a dynamic market setting. We analyze a series of 36 stock markets with 490 subjects. The majority of our investors demonstrate a strong preference for realizing winners (paper gains) rather than losers (paper losses). We adopt different reference points and compare the behavioral patterns across three main trading mechanisms, i.e. rules of price formation. The disposition effect is greatly reduced only within high-pressure mechanisms like a dealer market (DM) when the last price (LP) is assumed as a reference point, which is a more market driven (external) benchmark. If disposition investors use the PP as a reference point, which is a more mental-accounting driven (internal) benchmark, they die hard in all market settings. Interestingly, our markets do not collapse or become illiquid by disposition investors' reluctance to trade. A main reason for this is the coexistence of two or more groups of investors, e.g. momentum traders and disposition investors.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号