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1.
借鉴国外税务审计经验完善我国税务审计制度   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
付树林 《涉外税务》2007,234(12):65-68
税务审计作为强化税收征管的措施,日益受到各国重视。OECD成员国的税务当局均把提高税法遵从度作为其使命或长远目标,并制定相应的税务管理战略。本文在借鉴外国税务审计经验和成功做法的基础上,结合我国实际,提出构建制度化、规范化和信息化的税务审计体系应成为我国实施科学化、精细化税务管理,进一步提高税收征管质量和效率的重要内容。  相似文献
2.
论公共产品效率与税收遵从的互动   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
公共产品效率最大化是构建公共财政体制的关键。公共产品效率不仅关系到资源配置、经济发展与社会和谐,也关系到纳税人权利受尊重和保护的程度、纳税人对政府的评价与信任等,最终将作用于纳税人的税收遵从决策。公共产品效率与税收遵从具有高度相关性。  相似文献
3.
国外纳税遵从研究动态   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
国外有关纳税遵从的研究主要从以下两条途径展开:一是起始于Allingham & Sandmo的A-S分析模型,运用预期效用理论来分析纳税人的纳税遵从决策;二是基于Tversky & Kahneman提出的期望理论分析风险选择偏好以及框架效应等对纳税人纳税遵从行为的影响,并解释预期效用理论下分析纳税人纳税遵从行为的一些困惑.本文借鉴国外纳税遵从的研究并结合我国实际情况,提出了完善我国的税务稽查与处罚制度、提高社会整体税收道德水平、增强财政公平度及优化税款预缴制度以提升我国的纳税遵从水平的建议.  相似文献
4.
税收遵从成本对纳税遵从行为的影响   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
税收遵从成本和征管成本一同构成税收运行成本,是税收成本的重要组成部分。但由于税收遵从成本具有非显性的特征,往往被理论界及实践部门所忽视。本文借鉴国外税收遵从成本理论,分析了税收遵从成本对纳税遵从行为的影响,提出了优化我国税收制度、降低税收遵从成本的框架性建议。  相似文献
5.
逃税造成了政府财政收入的减少,因而政府理所当然地关心社会中的逃税程度,而且逃税程度的大小也代表了一国税务机关税收征管成效的高低.因此从这个意义上讲,对逃税规模的衡量就显得必要了.不过,由于纳税人的逃税行为是隐蔽的,故很难对逃税规模进行直接有效的衡量,尽管如此,还是存在一些方法从侧面去测算一国的逃税规模的.  相似文献
6.
This study is the second in a series of studies investigating tax compliance costs incurred by public-listed companies. We found evidence of a size effect which is a predominant finding of similar studies. The size effect was more pronounced when absolute measures of costs were used than when a relative measure, cost/sales turnover, was used. Additional evidence was found of limited success relating to the IRAS's moves to simplify the tax system. Specifically, only large companies with sales turnover exceeding $500m benefited and considerably reduced their overall compliance costs. Most of the decrease was a result of the computational component of compliance costs. This resulted in the gap in absolute costs narrowing between Group 3 and any of the other categories of companies. There was also greater reliance on external professionals, the smaller the company. Views elicited indicate that more could be done to increase accessibility to IRAS publications for Group 1 and Group 2 companies.  相似文献
7.
随着现代管理理论的兴起和被认知,为纳税人服务的理念越来越多地被世界各个国家广泛提倡和推广。我国随着市场经济的建立,也充分认识到纳税服务的重要作用,纳税服务体系正在逐步建立并取得了一定的成效。许多西方经济管理理论—契约理论、税收遵从理论、流程再造理论的引进和应用,为我们进一步提高纳税服务质量开拓了新的思路。  相似文献
8.
Formulating the classic Allingham and Sandmo [1972] tax compliance problem under Rank Dependent Expected Utility (RDEU) provides a simple explanation for the “excess” level of full compliance observed in empirical studies, which standard Expected Utility (EU) theory is unable to explain. RDEU provides a compelling answer to this puzzle, without the need for the moral sentiments or stigma arguments that have recently been advanced in the literature. Formally, we show that the threshold audit probability or penalty rate at which full compliance becomes optimal for the decisionmaker are significantly lower under RDEU axiomatics than in the EU case, and that the optimal level of underreporting is lower under RDEU. Numerical simulations using various parameterizations of the probability weighting function illustrate the large quantitative differences between the two models, while a simulation of underreporting rates in the US over the past 50 years shows how RDEU can go some way towards explaining the tax-compliance puzzle.JEL Classification No.: D81, H26  相似文献
9.
Tax compliance has been studied by analyzing the individual decision of a representative person between planning and evading taxes. A neglected aspect of tax compliance is the impact of a social contract on tax morale. Such implicit contract between the individual and the state guaranteeing a high level of economic freedom, effective competition laws, an important equity market and high moral norms, is hypothesized to have a positive impact on tax compliance. In this paper, empirical evidence based on data from 30 countries indicate that tax compliance internationally is positively related to the level of economic freedom, the level of importance of the equity market and the effectiveness of competition laws and high moral norms.  相似文献
10.
This paper evaluates effects on tax compliance of simple reforms in personnel policy in the Indian income tax administration. Taxpayers voluntarily disclosing higher incomes are currently assigned to special assessment units. To avoid this, high income taxpayers have an added incentive to understate their incomes. Empirical evidence consistent with this hypothesis is found. It explains spillover effects of enforcement efforts across assessment units. We incorporate these spillovers in estimating revenue effects of increased support staff. The results imply significant compliance gains would accrue from expanded staff employment and changes in assignment procedures for staff and taxpayers.  相似文献
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