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美国金融海啸与欧元区主权债务危机的爆发推动了非传统货币政策工具的运用,改变了发达国家对危机前货币政策的共识。央行资产负债表变动和前瞻性指引成了危机期间美欧频繁使用的量化宽松政策,这些政策使美国从金融海啸中走出来并重拾经济复兴之路。但欧元区主权债务危机的反复爆发和传染表明,这些政策要充分发挥作用尚需要超国家的欧洲政治经济机构的整合。美国的成功取决于美国联邦政府和货币机构作为一个整体,愿意共同合作并做出对国家最有利的事情,而且共同服从国家利益的观念得到社会普遍的认可和尊重。欧元区走不出危机泥潭、经济继续衰退主要源于:一是危机解决的公共品属性诱发了成员国的集体行动和道德风险;二是货币政策引发的利益冲突与强权政治的影响;三是作为一个松散的联邦,当共同面对危机问题时,缺乏一个超国家的权威政府,能够在促进公共利益上做出正确的政策决策。  相似文献
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非常规货币政策是国际金融危机期间主要经济体中央银行缓解流动性压力、提振市场信心以及压低融资成本重振经济的重要举措。随着美联储开始逐步退出量化宽松政策。非常规货币政策退出成为各方关注的焦点。非常规货币政策退出会带来怎样的冲击?如何把握退出节奏?本文从非常规货币政策退出的内涵、原因、策略以及影响等角度对主要文献进行了总结.提出了进一步研究的几个方向。  相似文献
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央行直接调节长期利率是救助此次国际金融危机的重要手段。文章综合实务界和理论界观点,分析常规货币政策框架和非常规货币政策框架下,中央银行调节长期利率的不同机制和效果;在此基础上,对央行能否将长期利率调节作为常规货币政策工具的相关研究进展进行综述和评析。  相似文献
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应对金融危机的非传统货币政策实施以来,其退出问题日益成为国际关注的焦点。本文从货币政策传导机制理论出发,分析了危机状态下传统货币政策传导如何受阻,非传统货币政策如何影响受阻环节的市场因素来修复传导机制。本文以此为依据,构建了选择非传统货币政策退出时机的指标体系,针对不同操作手段、操作目标选取相应的金融市场指标和宏观经济指标。在此基础上本文分析了这些指标在政策实施前后的表现,并探讨美国、英国和欧元区国家等主要发达经济体非传统货币政策退出的时机选择。  相似文献
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当前,随着全球经济复苏态势的不断显现,关于非常规货币政策的有序退出也逐步提上了各国央行的议事日程。该文对于非常规货币政策的概念、类别,以及金融危机以来美日欧等主要经济体所采取的非常规政策进行了梳理,在此基础上对于非常规货币政策的效果评价,及非常规货币政策的退出时机、节奏和顺序等战略决策进行了相关探讨和思考。  相似文献
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From July to December 2011, the three-month EURIBOR-OIS and EURIBOR-Repo spreads quadrupled and reached 100 basis points due to a stabilization of the EURIBOR and a decrease in the overnight index swap (OIS) and Repo. Using a specific monetary policy announcements and financial indicators database, we find that the European Central Bank’s (ECB’s) unconventional measures did not systematically have a calming effect: Asset buyout announcements decreased market strains, whereas interest rates and liquidity provision announcements did not. Moreover, liquidity provision seems to have a stressing effect. Our findings are consistent with the theoretical underpinnings according to which forward guidance crucially determines the effectiveness of unconventional monetary policies.  相似文献
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This study examines the impact of unconventional monetary policies on the stock market when the short‐term nominal interest rate is stuck at the zero lower bound (ZLB). Unconventional monetary policies appear to have significant effects on stock prices and the effects differ across stocks. In agreement with existing credit channel theories, I find that firms subject to financial constraints react more strongly to unconventional monetary policy shocks [especially large‐scale asset purchases (LSAPs)] than do less constrained firms. These results imply that the credit channel is as important as the interest rate channel in the transmission of unconventional monetary policies at the ZLB.  相似文献
8.
The U.S. Federal Reserve responded to the great recession by implementing quantitative easing, or large‐scale asset purchases, when its conventional policy rate reached the zero lower bound. We assess the international spillover effects of this quantitative easing program on the Canadian economy in a factor‐augmented vector autoregression (FAVAR) framework, by considering a counterfactual scenario in which the Federal Reserve's long‐term asset holdings do not rise in response to the recession. We find that U.S. quantitative easing boosted Canadian output, mainly through the financial channel.  相似文献
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In response to the 2008–2009 crisis, faced with distressed financial intermediaries, the European Central Bank (ECB) embarked in longer term refinancing operations (LTROs) with full allotment. Using an estimated DSGE model with a frictional banking sector, we find that such liquidity injections have played a key role in averting a major credit crunch. A counterfactual analysis suggests that, absent these nonconventional measures, output, consumption, investment, and the GDP deflator would have been 2.5%, 0.5%, 9.7%, and 0.5% lower on average over 2009, respectively.  相似文献
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We study the impact of the zero lower bound interest rate policy on the industrial organization of the U.S. money fund industry. We find that in response to policies that maintain low interest rates, money funds: change their product offerings by investing in riskier asset classes; are more likely to exit the market; and reduce the fees they charge their investors. The consequence of fund closures resulting from interest rate policy is the relocation of resources in affected fund families and in the asset management industry in general, as well as decline in capital of issuers borrowing from money funds.  相似文献
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