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1.
For companies operating under unfavorable macroeconomic conditions, such as high wage/high tax countries in central Europe, innovation has become a central theme for survival. If there is one thing that has changed in innovation management during the last decade, it is the growing reliance on external sources of technology. As a consequence, a new task for purchasing arises, as firms need to understand which suppliers actually do have high potential contributing to the innovativeness of the firm and which do not. This paper focuses on the conceptual basis and derives propositions on the nature of innovative suppliers: specialized, technically competent firms, located in the proximity of the buyer, being embedded in a trusted and intensive relationship are identified as having a higher probability to be the core innovative suppliers. These criteria can serve to refine strategic sourcing decisions and improve communication between engineering and purchasing professionals.  相似文献
2.
This paper examines the rationale for the Woodworking Skills section of a course on Practical Craft Skills which forms part of the new technology curriculum in Scottish Schools. Introduced with the intention of making technology subjects more accessible to a wider range of pupils, the subject has potential for contributing to a more inclusive environment in secondary schools. The practical nature of the subject, moreover, should, in theory at least, have been able to contribute particularly well to the development of a community of practice (Wenger, 1998).In education, however, practice does not always reflect theory nor reality reflect the rhetoric. This paper examines the assumptions underlying the pedagogy and assessment methods outlined in the rationale for the subject in relation to current theory and concludes that a valuable opportunity for creating an inclusive community of learners has been missed. Whilst the paper focuses on the Woodworking Skills area of the course, other areas reflect a similar framework.  相似文献
3.
根据包容性增长的基本内涵,本文构建了一套评价各省市包容性增长水平的指标体系,对1990~2012年中国30个省市经济增长的包容性水平进行了测度和简单评价。结果表明:自1990年以来,虽然中国各省市经济增长总体上日趋包容,但包容性水平较低,发展缓慢;各省市之间的包容性水平相差迥异,呈现出东高西低的趋势;弱势群体面临着各种经济权利的缺失和社会排斥,无法公平地参与到经济增长的进程之中,经济增长的成果被少数人占有,没有实现全民共享。因此,应通过构建合理的经济发展模式和制度安排,追求经济增长的包容性。  相似文献
4.
二元经济结构在多数发展中国家广泛存在,并成为桎梏各国包容性增长的主要因素。本文分别以综合二元反差指数、包容性增长系数作为衡量二元经济结构与包容性增长的指标来构建VAR模型,并通过脉冲响应函数法与方差分解法对我国1978~2012年二元经济结构与包容性增长的互动效应进行实证研究。结果表明,包容性增长提高对二元经济结构转化具有长期显著地促进作用,且其贡献度随着时间的推移不断提高,最终稳定在高水平;二元经济结构强化对包容性增长在当期没有明显影响,但随后包容性增长表现出显著的、持久的恶化倾向,同时其贡献度经历短期的持续上升后稳定在相对低水平。基于本文结论,政府需要在提高经济增长包容性与促进二元经济转化上同时着力,以实现二元经济结构转化与包容性增长提高之间的良性循环。  相似文献
5.
共享型经济发展方式是西藏经济社会运行的主要特征,该发展方式建立在“社会排斥”和“社会吸纳”的逻辑基础上。为了消除市场机制自发运行带来的西藏及广大藏族群众经济社会边缘化的趋势,国家进行了强力干预。“全国援藏”即是国家行动的重要体现。“全国援藏”的绩效是明显的,有力的推动了西藏经济社会跨越式发展,这种模式还将继续下去。  相似文献
6.
于文国  陶秀娥 《河北工业科技》2007,24(5):314-316,F0003
针对包涵体需经过细胞破碎、变性溶解、复性处理后才能形成具有一定空间构象的生物活性蛋白,且复性处理是一个非常复杂的生化反应过程,只有选择合理的方法,控制适宜的条件,才能提高蛋白的复性效率,综述了包涵体蛋白复性的方法,分析了影响复性的有关因素。  相似文献
7.
本文基于2005~2015 年西部12 省市(区)数据,测度普惠金融发展水平、贫困程度,运用面板数据实证检验普惠金融的反贫困效应,研究表明:(1)西部地区普惠金融发展水平整体较低,发展速度缓慢,省际差异明显;(2)西部地区的扶贫开发取得了明显效果,贫困程度较轻;(3)从普惠金融的各个维度看:金融服务覆盖率、金融服务可得性以及金融资源的实际使用效率对贫困均有明显的减缓作用;(4)普惠金融对西部地区反贫困效应整体显著,但分省效果并不明显。最后,就发展普惠金融以减缓西部地区的贫困现状提出相关的政策建议。  相似文献
8.
在经济新常态背景下,产业结构面临重大调整,金融包容的融入,使中小企业或个人能够获得价格合理、方便快捷的金融资源,扶持创业创新发展,形成新的增长动力。本文基于1995~2012年中国31个省市的相关数据,运用面板数据模型和分位数回归方法,深入探讨金融包容对产业结构转型的影响。结果表明,金融包容与产业结构转型具有显著的正向关系,并且在不同分位点上金融包容水平对产业结构转型表现出较强的解释力,随着产业结构向高级化发展,金融包容在产业结构转型升级中的作用逐步凸显。经济增长、教育发展、财政支出规模和城市化水平均对产业结构转型具有促进作用,而过多的物质资本投入不利于产业结构转型。  相似文献
9.
Internet non-use is increasingly concentrated in vulnerable groups of people, especially among ageing populations and those with low socio-economic status. As participation in society becomes largely dependent on use of internet-enabled technologies, internet non-users may seek alternative ways of using the internet. Proxy internet use (PIU), where internet non-users ask internet users to perform online activities on their behalf, is a strategy for obtaining (indirect) internet access. This study examines factors for engagement in PIU, focusing specifically on how non-users’ reasons for disengagement relate to their engagement in PIU. The results from multivariate analyses of survey data from a nation-wide representative sample show that 47% of internet non-users in Slovenia who report having someone available for PIU in fact engage in PIU. In analysing four types of reasons for internet non-use—those related to interest, access, costs and skills—the results show that access issues are negatively related to engagement in PIU. Conversely, reasons related to skills issues are positively related to engagement in PIU. Considering that access to online services through PIU offers an important degree of digital inclusion, the results of this study have important policy implications. Policy initiatives tackling digital inequalities should be sensible to access and skills issues resulting in disengagement. For example, policies directed at providing and maintaining internet access at a household level may result in non-users’ increased opportunities for PIU. In contrast, skills policies should be directed at creating opportunities for informal and person-centred learning of digital skills, considering that non-users who are more aware of their deficiency in skills might be more aware of online opportunities.  相似文献
10.
为了研究包容型领导对部属追随行为的影响机制,在梳理国内外文献的基础上构建了理论模型,基于社会身份理论和中国的组织情境,提出了关系认同的中介作用和权力距离的调节作用假设。通过3个时间点的纵向调查获得419份有效问卷,采用逐步回归方法进行实证检验。结果表明,包容型领导显著正向影响部属的关系认同和追随行为,关系认同在包容型领导和追随行为之间具有部分中介作用,其间接效应占总效应的68.8%;权力距离正向调节了包容型领导与追随行为的关系,与权力距离较低的部属相比,包容型领导对权力距离较高部属的追随行为的影响更大。研究结果为中国文化价值观背景下的包容型领导与部属追随行为的关系提供了一些证据,对企业管理者改进领导方式以提高领导有效性具有借鉴意义。  相似文献
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