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1.
自愿劳工标准的现状和发展:基于SA8000认证的经验研究   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
本文主要关注的问题有两方面,一是理清有关SA8000等生产守则和劳工标准之间的关系,为认识和了解SA8000为代表的生产守则提供一个新的视角,使之能和我们熟悉的劳工标准的传统推行模式相衔接。二是希望通过对SA8000的经验研究.揭示目前SA8000认证分布的特点和不同国家认证数量差异的主要影响因素。我们发现.认证数量与国民收入、直接投资的流入量及劳工标准之间存在相关关系,但在发展中国家.主要的影响因素是人均国民收入水平的高低和FDI的流入。  相似文献
2.
技术性贸易壁垒对我国对外贸易的影响及对策   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
随着关税壁垒作用日益减弱,技术性贸易壁垒作为更隐蔽、更强大的壁垒,客观上成为我国出口贸易的巨大障碍,究其原因,主要在于我国出口产品的弱质性。因此我国应加强对技术性贸易措施的管理,提高我国出口产品的竞争力。  相似文献
3.
制度质量、制度距离与双边贸易   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
本文分析制度对于双边贸易的影响。将不良制度和制度距离作为隐形贸易成本的两个来源.本文建立了一个包含制度变量的扩展引力模型。以153个国家和地区为样本的经验研究表明。制度质量越差,双边贸易越不活跃;制度距离对于双边贸易起阻碍作用。在制度质量变量中,影响强度较大的是市场规范程度、私有财产保护程度和货币政策:在制度距离变量中。工资控制程度距离、货币政策距离和贸易政策距离的影响强度较大.上述发现对于我国今后对外开放政策的制定和调整有着极其重要的启示和意义。  相似文献
4.
This paper analyses Hungary's price and trade policies for meat and livestock. Three policy constraints are discussed — the need to control consumer discontent, to provide employment, and to maintain close ties with the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) and the Soviet Union. Of particular interest are Hungary's exports of meat rather than grain, and the impact of policies on large and small producers and on Hungary's dependence on the Soviet market.  相似文献
5.
Estimates are derived of the potential variability of world wheat prices and the sources of this variability. These indicate a sizable increase in the probability of large short-run fluctuations in price. The bulk of this variability is due to fluctuations in the domestic grain production of developing and centrally-planned economies. However, most market participants are unresponsive to short-run changes in world price, and transmit a substantial amount of domestic variability to the world market. The key factor in world price stability is the short-run responsiveness of wheat exports from the USA. It is likely that both the physical and policy factors that have contributed to increased variability will persist.  相似文献
6.
The phenomena of transborder data flows have emerged from rapid technical changes in the area of computer communications. Attendant upon this, new economic opportunities are inducing institutional changes designed to modify the manner in which economic gains are to be partitioned. This has, in turn, led to government actions that go beyond conventional allocative and redistributive roles of governmental intervention. This paper discusses some of the welfare implications of ‘protectionism’ that have appeared on the international scene. By so doing we may begin to anticipate and perhaps circumvent the economic inefficiencies of barriers to trade involving data flows.  相似文献
7.
No mechanism is in place for the international coordination of grain stocks. World market stability is largely dependent upon the actions of major grain trading countries. These countries have avoided the exportation of their domestic supply variations onto world markets over the past decade, but have been reluctant to allow domestic consumption to respond to world shortages and surpluses. Improvement in the sensitivity of domestic storage and consumption to world conditions could increase their contribution to world food security.  相似文献
8.
纺织品贸易取消配额,从此WTO进入一个没有配额的时代。而发生在我国的纺织品配额争端,反映了中国加入WTO后面对的严峻的世界贸易形势。如何应付“后配额时代”的贸易争端是我国纺织业需要共同思考的问题。  相似文献
9.
In spite of the increasingly recognized role of trade shows as a highly cost-effective medium, there are few established guidelines on how to capitalize on these meeting occasions. The relational view of competitive advantage, however, identifies relationship learning as an important avenue for creating differential advantage and supernormal profits in relationships. The purpose of this study is to develop a theoretical model explicating relationship-based learning activities growing out of trade shows, its determinants and performance effect. Specifically, it examines the roles of relationship properties of trade show participants, and collective inquiry approaches used for trade shows, in fostering learning between exhibitors and visitors. The model was tested by a sample of 414 exhibitor-visitor relationship dyads identified at specific trade shows. The direct effect of relationship commitment, consensus, and collective inquiry on relationship learning at trade shows was confirmed. The powerful influence of relationship learning activities on relationship performance outcomes as perceived by exhibitors at trade shows was substantiated.  相似文献
10.
本文对国外技术性贸易措施对我国对外贸易的影响进行反思,并就国内企业应该如何认识与对待国际贸易中的技术性贸易措施提出建设性建议。  相似文献
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