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1.
高参与工作系统中的社会关系网络及其变革障碍   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
实证研究表明,高参与工作系统对企业绩效具有积极的影响。但是高参与工作系统对企业绩效的作用机制如何.这一问题并没有得到回答。基于社会资本理论,本论文提出了一个高参与工作系统、社会关系网络和企业绩效的作用机制模式。在此基础上,论文提出从高控制型向参与型工作系统的变革不仅仅简单是人力资源政策的调整,更是员工与员工之间社会关系网络的彻底变革。正因为社会关系网络的变革成本巨大,才导致大部分企业从高控制型向高参与型工作系统变革的失败。  相似文献
2.
在中国传统文化背景下和经济转型期中,企业家关系网络对私营企业成长的影响一直是理论界和实践界所关注的热点问题。本研究将企业家关系网络划分为三个维度:代表企业间关系的企业家外部横向关系网络、代表企业与政府关系的企业家外部纵向关系网络和代表企业家对企业运营控制的企业家内部纵向关系网络:研究发现.企业家关系网络的三个维度均显著正向影响企业成长,其中外部横向关系网络影响最大.外部纵向关系网络次之。内部纵向关系网络影响最小却也是不可忽视的因素。  相似文献
3.
基于网络关系的公司治理   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
公司治理已由“股东至上”的产权治理演进为“利益相关者”的超产权治理,由单一企业的内部法人治理结构治理向网络关系的公司治理演进.企业价值评价也由财务指标逐渐转向非财务指标.在以网络关系为基础的公司治理中,企业当着力构建公司的价值网络关系、社会网络关系和顾客网络关系,并以利益相关者的公司治理理论为基点,根据不同的网络关系,实施分类治理,协调、维护好各种网络关系,使各类利益相关者协调发展.公司利用各种网络关系攫取企业发展所需的各类资源,致力于企业“Key Stone”角色的建设,保持企业的“常青基业”,以实现企业和社会效益的最大化.  相似文献
4.
Through structured interviews with 108 senior and middle managers in China, we compared the composition and social exchange practices of Chinese male and female managers' career success networks (CSNs). The results indicated that most of the CSN ties formed by both male and female managers are with men, especially power ties. Male and female managers differed in the extent to which they engaged in instrumental and expressive transactions with same- and opposite-sex CSN alters, reciprocated the help provided by CSN alters, and socialized outside of the workplace with opposite-sex alters. The implications of these results for career success in China are discussed.  相似文献
5.
This paper explores the concept of developing community response grids (CRGs) for community emergency response and the policy implications of such a system. CRGs make use of the Internet and mobile communication devices, allowing residents and responders to share information, communicate, and coordinate activities in response to a major disaster. This paper explores the viability of using mobile communication technologies and the Web, including e-government, to develop response systems that would aid communities before, during, and after a major disaster, providing channels for contacting residents and responders, uploading information, distributing information, coordinating the responses of social networks, and facilitating resident-to-resident assistance. Drawing upon research from computer science, information studies, public policy, emergency management, and several other disciplines, the paper elaborates on the concept of and need for CRGs, examines related current efforts that can inform the development of CRGs, discusses how research about community networks can be used to instill trust and social capital in CRGs, and examines the issues of public policy, telecommunications, and e-government related to such a system.  相似文献
6.
关系网络与雇主机会主义行为的实证研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
在相同的司法体系下,为什么不同地区和不同类型企业的劳动争议数量和频率仍会有很大的差异?本文从关系网络的角度,分析作为第三方实施的社会实施机制--关系网络对经济主体行为的约束.员工拥有越多当地的社会关系网络,关系网络对雇主机会主义行为的约束力就越大.因而,一个地区外来劳动力越多,雇主的机会主义行为就越猖獗.一个地区外来雇主越多,雇主的机会主义行为也越多.本文用中国2000年31个省区的横截面数据验证了以上命题.  相似文献
7.
基于复杂社会网络分析的产品部门中间人属性研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
论文根据北京市近年来的投入产出数据,结合图论建模理论构建了产业结构网络模型。然后,通过对经典的Floyd路径搜索算法进行改进,得到了衡量产业部门之间强关联程度的网络模型,称之为产业间最强关联网络。在此基础上,论文结合社会网络分析范式,对产品部门和网络整体的中间人属性进行了研究,从协调属性、中介属性、内联属性、外联属性和联络属性等5个方面分析了产业系统内部产业链的联接状况和紧密程度。  相似文献
8.
新企业在创建、存活和成长过程中,需要通过嵌入社会关系网络获得资源支持,嵌入产业网络获得产业链分工协作收益。创业网络是社会网络和产业网络的有机统一体,创业成长过程同时也是对社会网络与产业网络双重嵌入的过程。基于创业网络中信任关系从情感性信任到认知性信任再到复合信任的演进,新创企业的双重网络嵌入性关系演化呈现出以下规律性:一是由社会网络嵌入向社会网络和产业网络双重嵌入演化;二是由"交易性嵌入"方式向"关系性嵌入"方式演化;三是由双重网络分离式嵌入向叠加式嵌入演化。新创企业双重网络嵌入演化对创业成长有促进作用,但同时也会形成"创业网络经营成本",政府需要对此加以重视。  相似文献
9.
The role of networks in business operations is widely recognized. We discuss social network theory, identify its main constituents, and outline a methodology and procedure that enable the identification and valuation of informal networks in an international business-to-business environment. Research is carried on informal Internet networks among firms in the biotechnology industry from Sweden and Australia. We use the methodology to recognize salient nodes, determine prominence and identify structural holes that allow the unveiling of brokerage opportunities that lie latent in networks. Global firms and suppliers of industrial products that are or can position themselves effectively in a social network are in a position to leverage considerable value.  相似文献
10.
The notions that firms are embedded within complex networks, and that managers spend time actively networking, have long been accepted by scholars within the Industrial Marketing and Purchasing (IMP) Group. However, an issue that has not received the same attention is an assessment of how these two facets; network structure and external networking behaviors affect SME performance. In assessing their antecedents, in this research we move beyond the traditional IMP literature, using emotional intelligence and entrepreneurial style to assess CEOs' managerial style. Network structure was assessed by the extent to which structural holes and degrees of centrality were present. Data was collected from 227 CEOs of small Iranian information technology companies. To test our hypotheses, we combined the use of structural equation modeling and social network analysis — a dual methodology that has not been adopted before. The results show that emotional intelligence drives entrepreneurial style, network structure and external networking behavior. SME performance is influenced by both network structure and external networking behavior. The mediating role of network structure is also discussed. Here our results show that entrepreneurial style does not influence external networking behavior. Several managerial implications of these findings are discussed.  相似文献
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