首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   9篇
  计划管理   9篇
  2017年   1篇
  2013年   1篇
  2012年   1篇
  2011年   1篇
  2009年   1篇
  2008年   1篇
  2007年   1篇
  2006年   1篇
  2005年   1篇
排序方式: 共有9条查询结果,搜索用时 30 毫秒
1
1.
中国的贸易、境外直接投资与实际汇率的动态关系分析   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15  
本文基于向量自回归模型对中国的贸易收支、FDI与实际汇率三者之间的动态关系进行了分析,实证结果显示,三者之间长期存在互为因果的关系。长期来看FDI对贸易余额有一定的改善作用,人民币实际贬值的J曲线效应明显,贬值改善贸易余额的时滞大约为两年。出口空间的大小不是影响FDI的主要因素,实际汇率的稳定有利于吸引FDI。贸易收支的顺差和FDI的大量流入是人民币升值压力的重要来源,人民币的升值在一定时期内不会恶化我国的贸易收支,但会对FDI的流入产生一定的负面影响。  相似文献
2.
Abstract.  This study surveys the intertemporal optimizing models of trade and current account balance that were developed, calibrated and empirically tested since they came into vogue in the 1980s. The implications of these models often differ from those of static and dynamic conventional non-optimizing models. The literature on optimizing models has not only grown reasonably fast, but has also witnessed significant advances in methodology, and these models have culminated into a distinct strand of new open-economy macroeconomics. The studies conducted until the late 1980s have used deterministic perfect-foresight models, while several studies conducted since the 1990s relax the perfect-foresight and certainty equivalence assumptions and develop stochastic dynamic general equilibrium models to account for uncertainty confronting the optimizing agents. The future research needs to explore the possibility of tracing any preferred specification of household preferences, model the effect of time-varying discount factor on household utility function and intertemporal budget constraint, examine the role of costs in international trade, place a parallel emphasis on the empirical verifications of theoretical propositions, examine the relative performance of optimizing vis-à-vis non-optimizing models and rationalize the extreme propositions of perfect and imperfect capital mobility in the wake of moderately open capital accounts.  相似文献
3.
外汇储备成本分析及管理对策   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
赵秀荣 《价值工程》2006,25(2):108-110
近几年我国外汇储备大幅度增长,目前已经冲破6000亿大关,巨额储备背后的成本到底会有多大?中国又该怎样避免大的损失?文章通过对外汇储备成本的分析,提出科学管理我国外汇储备的方法。  相似文献
4.
马歇尔-勒纳条件是探讨货币贬值改善贸易收支的规律,本文根据人民币实际有效汇率的特点,把它分解为美元有效汇率和人民币对美元汇率之积形式,在此基础之上,本文重新考察货币贬值改善贸易收支的条件,对传统的马歇尔-勒纳条件进行修正。从我们研究中可以看出美元实际有效汇率变化对马歇尔-勒纳条件修正的重要作用,这包括美元有效汇率对人民币汇率弹性和人民币在美元有效汇率中的权重的两种影响。另一方面,即使人民币实际有效汇率贬值存在“J”曲线效应,人民币对美元实际汇率贬值,“J”曲线是否存在还要依赖一定的条件。本文实证研究结果显示出口(或进口)与人民币对美元实际汇率、美元实际有效汇率指数和外国收入(或国内收入)之间存在着显著的协整关系,美元实际有效汇率和人民币对美元实际汇率也存在显著的协整关系。从弹性的变化来看,修正的马歇尔-勒纳条件成立,同时人民币对美元实际汇率贬值有利于改善贸易收支,美元实际有效汇率贬值会恶化中国贸易收支。而对“J”曲线效应的实证研究显示无论是人民币实际有效汇率,还是人民币对美元实际汇率贬值和美元实际有效汇率贬值,我国“J”曲线效应均不显著。  相似文献
5.
景楠 《价值工程》2012,31(22):164-165
全球经济危机迫使中国经济降低了对国外市场的依赖程度。制造业也同样必须适应国际需求的变化。外国子公司的加工出口容易受到西方需求放缓的影响,而中国的出口企业却在转型进入活跃的新兴市场中处于有利地位。同时,中国的一般进口正日益增长。亚洲国家扩大了其国内市场的份额,欧洲国家也留有强势地位,而北美国家却失去了自己的市场。中国成为了区域经济增长的动力。在中国的进口及工业生产中,外资企业起到了越来越重要的作用。中国对外国直接投资的政策与确定外国伙伴进入其国内市场的汇率政策至少是同等重要的。  相似文献
6.
葛加国  董梁  苏剑 《价值工程》2011,30(19):123-124
本文从三个角度——研究视角、变量性质、计量模型发展,对当前汇率对贸易差额影响的文献进行梳理,认为下一步的研究,应该将研究的视角选择在不同国家不同地区不同行业上,使用双边变量,在综合考虑其他各种影响贸易的因素,如直接投资、财政补贴等,以结构向量自回归模型为基础,进一步的细分结构性冲击,结合经济理论以及前人的研究结果,综合运用各种约束方法对汇率对贸易影响的问题做进一步的研究。  相似文献
7.
本文介绍了中国大豆进出口现状以及通过国际竞争力评价指标体系说明中国大豆出口的竞争优势与劣势,综合中国大豆产业所存在的问题和所具有的优势,提出在WTO的规则下,中国应采取的对策。  相似文献
8.
This paper investigates and compares the response to the exchange rate changes of trade balances of three Turkish sectors; agriculture, manufacturing and mining. The impact on trade balance of exchange rate changes is examined using the trade balance model employed in Bahmani-Oskooee [1985, Review of Economics and Statistics 67: 500]. Analysis is conducted based on the quarterly data from 1986: I to 1998: III. It is observed that in response to domestic currency depreciation trade balance of each of all three sectors first improves, then deteriorates and then improves again. Despite exhibiting similar pattern of reaction to the exchange rate change in the short run, long-run or overall response of trade balance differs across the sectors; while trade balances of both manufacturing and mining improve in the long run, agricultural trade balance worsens as a result of domestic-currency depreciation.  相似文献
9.
Previous studies that have assessed the short-run and the long-run effects of exchange rate changes on Turkey’s trade balance with its major partners relied upon a linear adjustment process that could not find much support for favorable effects of exchange rate changes. In this paper, once we separate real appreciations from real depreciations via the partial sum concept and introduce nonlinearity into the estimation and testing procedure, we show that the effects of exchange rate changes are asymmetric. More precisely, while lira appreciation does not have any significant effects on Turkey’s bilateral trade balances, lira depreciation has significantly favorable effects on Turkey’s trade balance with its European partners (France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Great Britain).  相似文献
1
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号