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1.
城市规划民主与公众参与   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
在民主政治的基础上,公众参与既是民主政治的通俗化表达、一种权力制度,又是一种具体的社会民主形式.具体到城市规划领域,公众参与既作为一种权力制度,以一种抽象的规划权力运行机制存在,又作为具象的城市规划民主的实现形式而出现;在此意义上,城市规划民主与公众参与是一致的.公众参与只有在城市规划民主的基础上才具有实质意义.  相似文献
2.
"拆迁上访"警示城市化过热   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
本文认为,造成"拆迁上访"的深层原因是城市化过热,让拆迁户背负了城市化的成本.城市化的实质是投资活动,应遵循投资的一般规则.要解决城市化过热的问题,需要政府把城市化当成社会化的市场化的投资活动,转换自己在城市化中的角色与职能,宏观调控微观放手,并在城市化中自觉接受民主监督与法律约束.  相似文献
3.
Trust breeds trust: How taxpayers are treated   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
Tax compliance has been studied in economics by analysing the individual decision of a representative person between paying and evading taxes. A neglected aspect of tax compliance is the interaction of taxpayers and tax authorities. The relationship between the two actors can be understood as an implicit or “psychological” contract. Studies on tax evasion in Switzerland show that the more strongly the political participation rights are developed, the more important this contract is, and the higher tax morale is. In this paper, empirical evidence based on a survey of tax authorities of the 26 Swiss states (cantons) is presented, indicating that the differences in the treatment of taxpayers by tax authorities can be explained by differences in political participation rights as well. Received: June 2000 / accepted: November 2000  相似文献
4.
The right to participate   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
A basic principle of democracy holds that all citizens have a right to participate in decisions that affect their personal interests, including decisions taken in the context of employment. Most industrialized, market economy democracies have created institutions to ensure that this right is effective. In North America, however, the right to participate in the making of critical employment decisions has not been secured, largely because of perverse, adversarial dynamics elicited by labor relations statutes. Universal, statutory participation via works councils is proposed as a means of making the right effective.  相似文献
5.
网络民主兴起背景下我国电子政务发展的具体路径   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
随着网络民主的兴起和发展,电子政务建设和发展便有了一种价值指引和实践导向。网络民主兴起的背景下,我国电子政务发展的具体路径:期望能够凭借现代技术激发公众的主体意识,提供更多的人性化服务,与政府有序地进行互动,政府具备快速回应能力,以及政务进一步公开,实现公民监督公共权力的运作,促进政府科学行政和依法行政等。  相似文献
6.
This article, based on the author's IEA web publication of the same name, challenges the widespread view that government is the best vehicle for achieving positive social change. Rather it argues that the over-mighty state has always been the chief cause of oppression, poverty and war throughout the world.  相似文献
7.
This paper strongly corroborates the widely held claim about the democracy and freedom “deficit” in the Arab world and asks the natural question as to why has the Arab world experienced such a deficit. The estimation results of an extended “modernity” model of democracy (measured by the Polity IV global index) suggest that after controlling for a host of economic, social and historical variables a negative and highly significant Arab dummy effect remains. This suggests, therefore, that the modernization theory does not fully account for the democracy deficit of the Arab world. Controlling for the modernity and other determinants, oil is negatively associated with democracy while the net effect of regional conflicts in the Arab world was negative, suggesting that conflicts in the Arab world promote authoritarianism in contrast with other regions where regional wars have been associated with democratic transitions. Moreover, and very significantly the Arab dummy was no longer significant as a stand alone effect though it remains significant when interacted with regional wars.  相似文献
8.
很多论者仅把纳税意识概括为纳税的自觉遵从与诚信意识,但完整的现代纳税意识包括了纳税义务与权利的对等意识,本文通过历史与逻辑分析,阐述了纳税意识与民主意识的内在联系,据此剖析了自觉诚信纳税意识的由来和当前我国“纳税意识淡薄”的深层原因,并引出树立现代纳税意识对培养公民的现代民主意识和中国社会主义民主政治建设的重要意义。  相似文献
9.
This paper consists of five parts: Part one: "Modem Management Accounting Has Been Confronting with Serious Crises" points out that accompanied by the management systems shifting from material basis to human (knowledge) basis, and the IT developing rapidly, the management accountants' services that continue to remain at original level would become no useful very soon. Part two: "PhD Candidates' Education Would Be Essential to Develop Their Disciplines' Scholarship" explores the main peculiarities of PhD candidates' education, and why the development of PhD Candidates' Creative thinking should be permeated through the doctoral programs from the beginning to the end, so as to make them possible to develop their disciplines' scholarship. Part three: "The Quality Requirements of PhD Candidates in the Area of Modern Management Accounting" explains in detail why the development of management accounting should shift from the quantitative perspective to humanistic perspective so that management accountants can play an important role in the process of decision-making on the basis of employing their comprehension thinking that is a kind of humanistic thinking. This paper views this direction of development is essential to promote management accountants' self-impendence and self-vitality and to eliminate their crises cited above as well in the new historical era. Part Four: "The Key Points of the Doctoral Program in Modem Management Accounting" explores how to implement a doctoral program successfully in order to develop PhD Candidates' Creative Thinking, carrying forward academic democracy emphasized. Part Five: "Conclusion" points out how the topics discussed in this paper are linked up each other, and why and how the new developing tendency of management accounting is essential to make this discipline more suitable to the development of knowledge economy.  相似文献
10.
This study’s multilevel statistical models quantify the effects of civilization zones and instrumental factors on the capacities for human agency that a country provides its citizens. These capacities are measured by the UN’s human development index, which synthesizes measures of literacy, longevity, and income. Indicators of political democracy, slavery, national debt, corruption, and internal conflict gauge the instrumental factors. Political freedom and emancipative employment coupled with civil order account for the regional differences in human development scores; civilization zones, heavily indebted poor countries, and corruption influence the variability among countries within the regions.  相似文献
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