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1.
Shape up or ship out? Employment discrimination against the overweight   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Increasing health care insurance costs have focused employer attention on health-related factors in employee recruitment and retention. One such factor is weight. Employers have argued that overweight employees are absent more often, are more susceptible to on-the-job injuries and illnesses, and are less productive than others. They have also contended that overweight employees present poor role models and may cause “negative reactions” by others. Although no federal law addresses employee obesity specifically, a number of laws prohibiting other forms of discrimination present potentially litigious situations. This article reviews the background and legal framework of discrimination against the overweight and offers some guidelines for avoiding such charges.  相似文献
2.
Over twenty years ago, Mitchell [Mitchell, T.R. (1982) Motivation: New directions for theory, research, and practice. Academy of Management Review, 7:80–88.] called for research which integrates and competitively tests the multitude of motivation theories competitively. Yet, with few exceptions, theories of motivation tend to be narrow in focus. However, many motivation theories incorporate similar predictor variables such as job satisfaction, perceived equity, and organizational commitment, suggesting that theory integration is warranted. In this paper, several literatures are reviewed which deal with employee effort at different levels (e.g., withholding effort, offering extra effort). “Effort propensity” is offered as an appropriate integrating variable, and an integrative model of effort propensity which pulls these various literatures together and stimulates the type of research described by Mitchell [Mitchell, T.R. (1982) Motivation: New directions for theory, research, and practice. Academy of Management Review, 7:80–88.] is proposed.  相似文献
3.
Meaningful work has become an increasingly important job outcome for individuals in recent years. Studies indicate that many employees lack experienced meaningfulness in their work and that organizations have not done a good job at creating meaningful and emotionally satisfying work experiences for employees. A person–job fit approach to meaningful work and employee retention is described that consists of matching individual self-concept with job tasks and behaviors. It is proposed that this self-concept–job fit will be strongly related to meaningful work. It is also proposed that meaningful work is related to important outcome variables valued by organizations, such as increased worker performance and employee retention. Path analysis supports the proposed relationships. Implications for human resource management activities and future research are discussed.  相似文献
4.
“大五”人格模型的5种人格特质包括神经质、外向性、开放性、宜人性和尽责性。此模型对社会心理学与组织心理学及心理学的其他方面的研究和应用起到积极作用,很多研究者就“大五”人格模型和工作绩效的关系进行了研究,得出了很多具有理论意义的实践价值的结论,并以此作为人事测评的依据。  相似文献
5.
This article reviews the literature linking the Big Five personality traits with job performance in order to identify the most promising directions for future research. Specifically, we recommend expanding the criterion domain to include internal and external service-oriented behavior as well as adaptive performance. We also review situational moderators of the personality–performance relationship and suggest additional moderators at the task, social, and organizational levels. Finally, we discuss trait interactions and explain why we expect that our capability to predict employee behavior will be considerably improved by considering the interaction among traits.  相似文献
6.
近年来,随着经济迅速发展,人力资源部开始通过不断尝试实施各种人力资源实践活动来改善并规范企业的管理,人力资源工作人员也逐渐意识到支持性人力资源实践的重要性。支持性人力资源实践包含公平奖惩,员工参与和成长空间三个维度,正能体现组织认同员工贡献、信任员工并对员工进行人力资本投资。本研究以我国珠三角地区企业为主要研究对象,基于339个研究样本,采用文献研究法、问卷调查法,并运用相关分析、探索性因素分析、验证性因素分析和多元回归分析法等,来探讨支持性人力资源实践和工作绩效三者间的关系,并证明了支持性人力资源实践对工作绩效存在显著的正向影响作用。  相似文献
7.
赵勇  牛明剑 《价值工程》2013,(33):153-154
本文根据企业管理者自身的胜任力,以多个管理者胜任能力为依据构建出了测评胜任力的新指标。在对实际工作进行研究和调查的过程中,将各行业管理者自身能力上存在的差距进行了分析,将管理者自身能够和在实际工作的工作绩效之间的关系进行了明确的定位。  相似文献
8.
作为在西方组织心理学领域被研究了百年的概念,工作绩效已不是一个新的研究议题,然而近些年,随着国外关于工作绩效以及战略性绩效研究的兴起,工作绩效结构问题又成为研究的热点。国内外学者在传统的绩效结构基础上,构建了不同的绩效结构框架,或者对于绩效结构的拓展做出了进一步的研究,本文结合国内外工作绩效结构的研究进展,进一步澄清工作绩效的结构问题。  相似文献
9.
文艺  李晓庆  郎淳刚 《价值工程》2012,31(11):192-193
本研究旨在了解领导行为对高校体育教师工作绩效影响作用,并通过访谈和问卷了解体育教师工作绩效的现状。研究对象为西安市11所220位任职于普通高校的专职体育教师,并以多因素领导行为量表和工作绩效量表作为研究工具,实施问卷调查。结果发现:①变革型领导与任务绩效正相关。②变革型领导与关系绩效正相关。③交易型领导对任务绩效和关系绩效的作用都不显著。  相似文献
10.
穆春晓  高纪 《价值工程》2012,31(31):138-140
人-组织匹配(P-O Fit)已成为当今国内外企业管理者和学者研究的热点领域,也是人力资源管理与组织行为学研究的热点问题。主要是因为二者的匹配度能很好地预测个人的工作态度和行为结果,从而影响组织绩效。本文以深圳一民营高科技企业为调查对象,分析研究了个人、组织价值观及其匹配与工作满意度、工作绩效的关系与影响。  相似文献
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