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Risk-Taking Incentives: A Review of the Literature   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
Abstract.  Incentive structures affect people's decisions. But what are the implications of the resulting choices that people make for the level of risk within the economy? This paper reviews the literature in this area and attempts to draw out practical work that can be taken forward in assessing risk-taking incentives in the UK. Understanding the principal–agent problem is key to explaining many of the incentive structures that emerge. The paper provides an exposition of this before considering its implications in the managerial and financial markets. Within both these markets the paper considers how incentive structures alter principals' behaviour, before considering possible solutions to the common problem of asymmetric information. The paper concludes that the implications for risk-taking are unclear, as incentive structures can lead to both increased and decreased risk-taking. It therefore makes a number of suggestions for future research into the effect of incentive structures in existence in the UK.  相似文献
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Abstract.  Credit risk is the most important type of risk in terms of monetary value. Another key risk measure is market risk, which is concerned with stocks and bonds, and related financial derivatives, as well as exchange rates and interest rates. This paper is concerned with market risk management and monitoring under the Basel II Accord, and presents Ten Commandments for optimizing value-at-risk (VaR) and daily capital charges, based on choosing wisely from (1) conditional, stochastic and realized volatility; (2) symmetry, asymmetry and leverage; (3) dynamic correlations and dynamic covariances; (4) single index and portfolio models; (5) parametric, semi-parametric and non-parametric models; (6) estimation, simulation and calibration of parameters; (7) assumptions, regularity conditions and statistical properties; (8) accuracy in calculating moments and forecasts; (9) optimizing threshold violations and economic benefits; and (10) optimizing private and public benefits of risk management. For practical purposes, it is found that the Basel II Accord would seem to encourage excessive risk taking at the expense of providing accurate measures and forecasts of risk and VaR.  相似文献
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以我国沪深A股上市的制造业企业2007-2012年数据为基础,剖析了金融衍生品对企业个体风险和系统风险的影响。研究表明,无论是整体的衍生品还是不同合约类型的衍生品,对个体风险和系统风险均产生了抑制效应。进一步分析显示,衍生品对个体风险的抑制效应在显著性水平上存在着结构性差异,其中外汇衍生品的影响在统计上显著,而商品衍生品和利率衍生品则不显著。此外,还发现整体衍生品和单一衍生品对系统风险的抑制效应均不显著。  相似文献
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The positive relationship between bank CEO compensation and risk-taking is a well-established empirical fact. The global banking crisis has resulted in a chorus of demands to control bankers' bonuses and thereby curtail their risk-taking activities in the hope that the world can avoid a repeat in the future. However, the positive relationship is not a causative one. In this paper we argue that an implicit too-big-to-fail policy provides the incentive for banks to take excessive risks and design compensation packages to deliver high returns. A credible no-bailout policy will have a better chance of curbing excess risk-taking than controlling bankers' compensation.  相似文献
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