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1.
ABSTRACT The popular film Schindler's List is a cinematic portrayal of Oskar Schindler , the German industrialist who rescued more than a thousand of his Jewish workers during the Holocaust . While the film has generated much debate over the character's motivations, the historical Oskar Schindler can be viewed as an economic actor who made several choices. Examined together, these various choices make an excellent case for amenity potential , a concept from the work of Harold Demsetz which explains how one's control over a firm's resources gives one opportunities to use those resources for whatever purposes one sees fit, subject to legal and market constraints . Applying amenity potential to the economic puzzle of Schindler's choices reveals how and why he was able to make various choices which followed the letter of the law in Nazi Society, while violating its spirit.  相似文献   
2.

This study pools data on child anthropometrics and on their determinants from Pakistan, Peru, Jamaica, Russia and South Africa. It, then, estimates regression equations of child height and weight, measured by the Z-scores, on both combined country data and, separately, for each country. Moreover, the study estimates the child height and weight equations, separately, for young (0–36 months) and older children (37–72 months) and provides evidence on the impact of household assets and of a household’s access to basic amenities on the health of its children. The child health in the five countries chosen, which are culturally, economically, politically and geographically, quite diverse, are compared. The paper finds that the hard core cases of child malnutrition are not necessarily related to poverty or inequality. Female education plays an effective role in improving child health, with its beneficial effects considerably enhanced in households with access to public information through the radio or the TV.

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3.
Using data from Peru and Pakistan, this article tests two hypotheses:there is a positive association between hours of child laborand poverty, and there is a negative association between childschooling and poverty. Both of these hypotheses are confirmedby the Pakistani data, but not by the Peruvian data. The reductionin poverty rates due to income from children's labor is greaterin Pakistan than in Peru. The nature of interaction betweenadult and child labor markets varies with the gender of thechild and the adult. In Peru rising men's wages significantlyreduce the labor hours of girls, whereas in Pakistan there isa strong complementarity between women's and girls' labor markets.Both data sets agree on the positive role that increasing adulteducation can play in improving child welfare.  相似文献   
4.
Ball  Ray  Sadka  Gil  Tseng  Ayung 《Review of Accounting Studies》2022,27(2):607-646
Review of Accounting Studies - We revisit the literature on using accounting earnings to estimate firm-level systematic risk, using macroeconomic indicators rather than listed-firm indexes to...  相似文献   
5.
Ball  Ray  Sadka  Gil  Tseng  Ayung 《Review of Accounting Studies》2022,27(2):647-648
Review of Accounting Studies - A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11142-021-09637-1  相似文献   
6.
The dual cost function is partially super-additive when an output quantity bundle of a given quality can be produced at a lower cost by breaking up the output into a number of smaller bundles of the same quality to be produced by several firms instead of the entire bundle being produced by a single firm. In this paper, we build on Maindiratta's concept of size efficiency and propose a nonparametric method using mixed integer programming to measure cost efficiency allowing for partial super-additivity of the cost function. The proposed method is applied to data from Connecticut public school districts for the years 1980–81 through 1983–84.  相似文献   
7.
Measuring Scale Efficiency from a Translog Production Function   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
In parametric analysis based on a frontier production function, usually the scale elasticity rather than scale efficiency level is reported. In this paper we show how one can use an estimated translog production function to obtain output- and input-oriented measures of scale efficiency at an observed input bundle. We also show how the estimated model can be used to determine the optimal quantity of labor input for an exogenously fixed quantity of capital.  相似文献   
8.
In nonparametric analysis of production efficiency, the focus of attention is typically on the individual firm. In this article, we evaluate efficiency in resource utilization at the industry level. We propose an integer programming model to measure the extent of input saving possible if the observed output level of the industry is allocated to an optimal number of identical firms. This approach is applied to data for U.S. airlines covering the period 1970–84. Our results confirm that there were too few airlines prior to deregulation and suggest that there were too many firms during the early years of the post-deregulation era.  相似文献   
9.
This paper investigates the main determinants of child labourand child schooling in Ghana, with special reference to theirinteraction. The study provides evidence on the impact of povertyand quality of schooling on child labour hours, taking intoaccount their potential endogeneity. The exercise distinguishesbetween cluster poverty and household poverty in the two-stageHeckman estimation procedure. In addition, it relies on a setof non-common regressors to identify the child labour hoursregression from the selection equation. Other methodologicalfeatures include simultaneous equations estimation of childlabour, child schooling and poverty, taking into account theirjoint endogeneity. The empirical results contain some evidenceof sharp rural urban differences, thus, pointing to the needto adopt region specific policies in enhancing child welfare.However, rural, semi-urban and urban Ghana agree on the effectiverole that improved school attendance can play in curbing childlabour.  相似文献   
10.
Varian's Weak Axiom of Cost Minimization provides a nonparametric test of cost minimization, which can be applied only when both input price and quantity data are available for individual firms. In this paper we propose a Weak Axiom of Cost Dominance (WACD), which serves as the basis of an alternative test of cost-minimization applicable in situations where input quantity data are missing. Unlike a previous test developed by Diewert and Parkan, the proposed test does identify individual firms that violate the assumption of cost-minimizing behavior. It also provides an upper bound of the cost-efficiency of any observed firm. The test procedure is shown to be equivalent to applying dominance analysis using normalized input prices with reference to the Cost-indirect technology. The proposed method is applied to Nerlove's electrical utility data. The nonparametric results are also compared with parametric efficiency levels computed from a stochastic frontier cost function.  相似文献   
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