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1.
瑞典第一大能源--生物质能发展概况及其启示   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
瑞典生物质能发展处于世界领先水平,2009年起,生物质能已替代石油成为瑞典第一大能源,促进了瑞典经济的绿色发展。2012年,瑞典生物质能达到能源消耗总量的31.6%。通过介绍瑞典生物质能的概况及瑞典政府发展生物质能的主要政策措施,从而提出对我国发展生物质能、转变能源发展方式、建设生态文明的几点启示。  相似文献   
2.
Abstract

Views on the preservation of resources versus their development for recreation are compared among participants in three types of outdoor recreation: “appreciative”; activities (cross‐country skiing, hiking, and canoeing); “consumptive”; activities (fishing and hunting); and “mechanized”; activities (motorboating, snowmo‐biling, and trail biking). The results from a 1984 questionnaire survey conducted in Edmonton and Calgary, Canada, indicate a stronger preservationist orientation among participants in appreciative activities, whereas (with the exception of hunters) participants in consumptive and mechanized activities hold stronger pro‐development views. These differences cannot be attributed to simultaneous variations in socioeco‐nomic characteristics or environmental attitudes among the recreational groups. The findings suggest that differences in outdoor recreational activity preferences represent an important source of variation in views about appropriate levels of preservation versus development of Alberta's natural and wildernesss resources.  相似文献   
3.
Tourism stakeholders’ perceptions of national park management in Norway   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Local tourism firms represent an important stakeholder interest in national parks. The present study examines these stakeholders’ perceptions of management processes and their assessments of the resulting management plans and operations. This research is based on qualitative interviews with representatives of tourism businesses in two different national park settings in Norway – Rondane National Park and Jotunheimen National Park. The findings illustrate that despite their general support for the national park status, the local tourism stakeholders interviewed had experienced only minor involvement in the management planning process, and had had very little influence in the final management decisions. They believed that opportunities for business operations were lacking due to excessive management restrictions, and that managers lacked competence with regard to business management and tourism development issues. In addition, they thought that management authorities should more explicitly include sustainable tourism development in their visions and goals. Based on the findings, it is assumed that there is potential for local tourism operators to take greater responsibility in planning processes and management operations. It is concluded that measures should be taken to foster durable social links and trustworthy planning partnerships between responsible managers and local tourism stakeholders in the two national parks.  相似文献   
4.
Tourism is a key driver of global socio-economic progress. However, its sustainability is at risk from multiple shocks and hazards that threaten livelihoods. Surprisingly little is known about the complex drivers of destination vulnerability, leading to the creation and application of ineffective resilience-building solutions. The paper presents the Destination Sustainability Framework (DSF) designed to assess destination vulnerability and resilience, and support successful resilience-building initiatives. Holistic in nature, the DSF comprises: (1) the shock(s) or stressor(s); (2) the interconnected dimensions of vulnerability – exposure, sensitivity, and system adaptiveness; (3) the dynamic feedback loops that express the multiple outcomes of actions taken (or not); (4) the contextualised root causes that shape destinations and their characteristics; (5) the various spatial scales; and (6) multiple timeframes within which social-ecological change occurs. This innovative framework is significant because it's the first framework to chart the complex manifestation of vulnerability and resilience in tourism destinations. Further, it brings tourism sustainability research in line with wider debates on achieving sustainability within the dynamic coupled human–environment system, doing so through the inclusion of insights from contemporary systems approaches, including chaos–complexity theory, vulnerability approaches, sustainability science, resilience thinking, along with the geographies of scale, place and time.  相似文献   
5.
Destination development in China: towards an effective model of explanation   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
This paper addresses the dynamics of the evolution of a nature-based destination in China. Based on longitudinal studies in Zhangjiajie (Hunan Province), it focuses on the roles of institutions in tourism development in China, demonstrating the centrality of institutions and governments in fostering destination development through policy orientations, attracting investments and regulations in their capacity as producers, protectors and promoters of desired processes of change. It describes a five-stage development process from Exploration, through Starting and via Fluctuation and Acceleration to the current stage of Transition leading towards a Destination seeking Better Service Quality. The study, by incorporating institutions as a driving force, develops an RICI model (Resource, Institution, Capital and Innovation) accounting for destination development in China. The key role of policies implemented by local governments and the roles of institutions are critical in the process of its development, especially in the earlier stages, contrasting with many western countries, where the private sector and central government tend to dominate. The paper notes the role of inter-institution rivalries, and the impact of those rivalries on sustainable development. It is suggested that the proposed model could be empirically verified and tested in other cultural or regional destination development contexts.  相似文献   
6.
文化创意产业现已成为世界各国城市再生的主要政策,它的目的在于增强经济基础,推广城市/地域文化,提高城市行销与竞争力。泉州老城区的文化创意产业尚处在发展阶段,根据泉州老城区创意产业发展的现状,分析其发展存在的问题,并提出比较详细的发展对策是目前亟待解决的问题。  相似文献   
7.
由"全面建设小康社会"到"全面建成小康社会",不仅是全党全国新时期新阶段发展的宏伟目标,更是站在新的历史高度,在我国小康社会建设已经取得的重大现实成果基础上做出的重大决策。未来五至十年,对于中国能否跨越中等收入陷阱,实现国民经济持续稳定的增长,使人民获得更多发展的实惠,继续深入推进基本公共服务均等化,以生态文明建设增强可持续发展的能力,都具有决定性的意义。  相似文献   
8.
国家兴盛靠经济,经济繁荣靠企业,企业兴旺靠管理,管理关键是文化。民营企业在我国经济发展中扮演重要的角色,对于经济增长、技术创新和充分就业具有重要作用。对民营企业而言,应对后金融危机时代的机遇和挑战、实现企业健康发展,必须把重构企业文化、增强企业的凝聚力摆到重要的议事日程,只有这样才能使自身的市场竞争力和抵御风险能力有新的提高,实现企业的可持续发展。  相似文献   
9.
随着世界经济的不断发展,工业文明给自然环境带来的破坏也随之而来。物流作为第三产业的重要组成部分,在收获巨大利润的同时,也给自然环境带来了相应的负担,所以倡导绿色低碳的物流发展模式是十分必要的。物流产业在创造利润的同时,应尽最大可能保持人与自然的和谐发展。  相似文献   
10.
高校实施警务化管理有利于培养大学生行为习惯、适应能力和创造能力,在尊重学生个性的前提下,通过情感管理、思想政治教育以及校园文化建设等手段,以学者型学生管理干部为保障,以社团活动为平台,以榜样力量为动力,有效引导大学生个性发展。  相似文献   
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