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1.
军民两用技术双向溢出及其效应评价研究综述   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
技术溢出、军民两用技术溢出与国民经济增长息息相关。技术溢出效应、军民两用技术双向溢出及其溢出效应是学者关注的焦点。本文对技术溢出理论、技术溢出效应及其测度等方面的研究进行了分析与述评;在此基础上,着重分析了军民两用技术溢出及其溢出效应的研究近况、进展以及未来的研究发展方向。  相似文献
2.
军事经济周期的统计分析   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
我国军事经济存在周期性波动的特性;军事经济运行周期最显著的是长周期,其周期长度为24年左右;军事经济运行呈现出收缩期长而扩张期短的特点,一般收缩期是扩张期的3倍左右时间。  相似文献
3.
伊拉克战争对我军信息化建设的启示   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
该文以美军的新军事变革为背景,分析了伊拉克战争信息化武器装备的使用情况及其重要意义,进而对我军信息化建设提出了政策性意见和建议。  相似文献
4.
The Political Foundations of Development: The Case of Botswana   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Unlike many of its fellow sub-Saharan countries, Botswana has avoided the African Growth Tragedy. The success lied in the ability of the government of Botswana to successfully adopt growth-enhancing policies. We argue that the success stems from three factors. First, the government enhanced its legitimacy by relying on traditional sources of authority. Second, the traditional leaders pursued policies that legitimized the political system. Third, the government did not expend resources on military expenditures during its first decade. The interaction of these factors explain Botswana’s success.
Scott A. BeaulierEmail: Phone: +478-301-2836Fax: +478-301-2635
  相似文献
5.
对军工企业提升自主创新能力组织机制的探讨   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
自主创新能力是加强国家竞争能力的核心,提升军工企业自主创新能力对于实现军工企业快速发展,加速国防科技转型升级具有重要意义。本文从制度保障、激励机制、创新文化等角度对此进行了探讨。  相似文献
6.
We study the military draft as a form of intergenerational redistribution, taking into account endogenous human capital formation. Introducing the military draft initially benefits the older generation while it harms the young and all future generations. As it distorts human capital formation more severely than an equivalent intergenerational transfer using public debt or pay-as-you-go pensions, the draft can be abolished in a Pareto-improving way if age-dependent taxes are available. In the absence of age-specific taxes, the political allure of the draft can be explained by the specific intergenerational incidence of its costs and benefits.  相似文献
7.
Anecdotal evidence relates corruption with high levels of military spending. This paper tests empirically whether such a relationship exists. The empirical analysis is based on data from four different sources for up to 120 countries during 1985–1998. The association between military spending and corruption is investigated by using cross-section and panel regression techniques. The results suggest that corruption is associated with higher military spending as a share of both GDP and total government spending, as well as with arms procurement in relation to GDP and total government spending. The results can be interpreted as evidence that defense spending may be used as a component of an indicator of the quality of governance.  相似文献
8.
Lux Research estimates that more than $8.6 billion will be spent in 2005 on nanotechnology R&D worldwide and that the majority of funds are shifting from basic research to the development of applications. Little is known about the environmental and health risks of manufactured nanomaterials. In 2003 the European Union funded the NANOSAFT project to assess the technology's environmental and health risks. In July 2003 the US Environmental Protection Agency invited proposals to study environmental and health impacts of nanotechnology. The U.S. government has budgeted $39 million in 2006 for studies of environmental, health, and safety impacts of nanotechnology.The military is a major force in nanotechnology R&D; hence, it can play a key role in understanding and managing nanotechnology risks. As a result, the Millennium Project conducted a two-round Delphi to identify and rate important forms of nanotechnology-related environmental pollution and health hazards that could result from any military activities and to suggest military research that might reduce these problems. The full report is available in the CD Chapter 5 attached to the 2005 State of the Future report. An expert panel on these issues was asked its judgments on the full range of nanotechnologies of the present and future—from nanobulk-process nano (simple structures) and top-down nano (low-volume production) to nano-built nano (high-volume, low-cost, complex high-performance components and even whole products).  相似文献
9.
自十一届三中全会以来,我国军事经济理论研究取得了丰硕的成果。其中,关于军费规模厦其增长问题已形成较为成熟的理论体系。最近几年,随着我国安全环境的变化和国防战略调整,军费规模与增长再次成为理论界关注的热点问题。本文通过总结理论界关于军费与经济增长的关系、军费合理规模的确定、军费增长模式、军费规模与增长的特点以及军费增长预测等研究成果,试图为应对新军事变革挑战。进行军事经济保障理论创新提供一些借鉴。  相似文献
10.
现代国防经济学是现代经济学分支学科之一,与其他分支学科一样已经发展成为非常成熟的学科,但由于这门学科本身研究对象的特殊性,以及这门学科在中国发展的滞后性,使得国内经济学界对这门学科的历史及其在中国发展的现状缺乏了解.本文力图介绍现代西方国防经济学研究的现状,并回顾中国国防经济学的发展历程,旨在使国内主流经济学界对这门学科及其在中国的发展予以关注,并参与到这门学科的研究中来.  相似文献
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