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1.
In the context of rising chronic diseases amongst Indigenous peoples, there are calls for the adoption of more healthy “lifestyles.” In this context, this paper explores thoughts about physical activity from 21 Indigenous families through the voices of women and girls living in remote rural communities in the Torres Strait and Northern Peninsula Area, Australia. Speaking back to physical activity as a lifestyle “choice,” three consistent themes emerged: shame, gendered positioning, and welfarism. In conclusion, the perspectives of Torres Strait islanders and Northern Peninsula Area communities suggest that there are deeply embedded ways of thinking about the body, familial obligations, and the provision of and access to being active that are not consistent with Western health policies predicated upon individuals shouldering responsibility for “taking exercise.”  相似文献   
2.

This paper examines recreation and leisure research within the context of active living, and highlights an apparent gap between the current involvement of recreation and leisure researchers and the potential they could offer to this important and expanding area of inquiry. To illustrate this potential, I looked at two previous studies that focused on the recreational use of urban trails and reanalyzed the data from an active living perspective. In Study 1, individual, social and environmental factors helped distinguish between low, moderate, and high activity level trail uses. In Study 2, use patterns helped distinguish between health-motivated trail users and individuals using trails for recreation and other purposes, but perceptual and demographic data were similar among groups. Findings from similar studies can help inform active living research, and recreation and leisure studies can provide leadership and contributions to a transdisciplinary understanding of active living.  相似文献   
3.

A phenomenological framework guided data collection and analysis of the prevalent influences on attitudes and behaviors of elementary, junior, and secondary school students towards their physically active leisure. Twenty-two students participated in individual in-depth interviews. Parental influence and outdoor play effected choice and level of physically active leisure for elementary students. Opportunities for organized and non-structured physically active leisure and friends were significant for junior students. Academic responsibilities and organized physically active leisure were influential for secondary students. Common threads were parental influence and the belief that the students were too old to start new activities. These findings highlight the importance of providing opportunities in safe environments for children and youth to participate in a variety of structured and non-structured forms of physically active leisure.  相似文献   
4.
This article examines relationships between stress, health, and participation in physically active leisure using data collected as part of the 1985 and 1990 U.S. National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS). In particular, the article analyzes: (a) the effects of life‐cycle progression (controlled for gender) on subjectively perceived stress and self‐reported health; (b) the role of physically active leisure in enhancing health or buffering adverse health outcomes of stress; and (c) the effects of selected social‐economic factors, such as education and income, on the relationships between life‐cycle, stress, health, and physically active leisure. According to our analyses: (1) stress is unevenly distributed across the life span; (2) stress‐reducing effects of physically active leisure are present among retired older people more so than in the middle‐aged life‐cycle groups; and (3) direct health‐enhancing effects of participation in physically active leisure are more evident than the buffering effects of leisure on stress‐health relationships. A critical discussion of methodological and substantive issues facing researchers interested in the relationships between leisure, stress, and health is provided.  相似文献   
5.
一国在他国建立军事基地或者驻军,或者说一国接受他国在本国建立军事基地或者驻军,是世界军事强国必然要面临的一个问题。中国在境外目前并无军事基地或者驻军,这是实然式的结论。但是,这并不意味着将来中固在境外不能建军事基地或者驻军,更不意味着在国际法或者国内法上存在障碍。相反,作为负责任的世界大国,中国在境外建立军事基地或者驻军不仅有必要,而且可行。为了做到“师出有名”,应当首先在国内法上为其提供法律支撑。  相似文献   
6.
在市场体制逐步健全、政策法规日趋成熟、"军民融合"不断深入的新形势下,军工企业利用资本市场进行上市融资的趋势日益凸显。本文首先结合我国中小企业股权融资方式,梳理了军工企业常用的股权融资方式,并重点介绍了上市融资的必要性;然后对我国军工企业上市融资现状及存在问题进行深入分析;最后基于军工集团自身特点及外部环境,提出了相应的对策建议。  相似文献   
7.
Successful outsourcing of military logistics depends much on cooperation and efficiency, and this article provides an in‐depth analysis of challenges this may pose using collaborative competence theory. Using an exploratory approach, this paper is based on a review of the existing literature and on the experience of the Canadian Armed Forces in a foreign theatre. Specifically, the information collected comes from on‐site observation during the UN mission in Bosnia, semistructured interviews, and archives. Our analysis shows that outsourcing military logistics activities in a foreign theatre should be seen as building and managing a “temporary network.” In order to overcome challenges in such a situation, the Armed Forces must specifically act on the adaptability of all individuals in the theatre. The approach should be based on “collaborative competence.” Copyright © 2015 ASAC. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
8.
构建民营企业与军工企业的博弈概念模型,基于军民融合当前发展特色提出博弈假设条件;依据军民融合程度,分别建立其完全信息静态博弈收益矩阵、完全信息动态博弈博弈树以及军民深度融合下完全信息动态博弈模型,从而分析当前影响民营企业与军工企业博弈的重要因素;最后总结军民深度融合背景下民营企业和军工企业的最佳决策选择,并依据博弈分析结果提出中国民营企业与军工企业在武器装备科研生产领域竞争合作的启示和建议。  相似文献   
9.
运用层次分析等研究方法,确定健身健美操对女性身心健康的评价体系。该评价体系包括健、力、美在内的3项一级指标、5项二级指标和19项三级指标,体现了评价的客观性和合理性。  相似文献   
10.
在物理化学课程教学中,笔者针对材料学专业特点,因材施教;结合物理化学特点,适当引入英语教学;结合现实生活,强化物理化学内容的应用;不断吸收现代科学发展的新成果,将学术研究的最新成果转化为教学内容,激发了学生的学习兴趣,培养了学生的逻辑思维能力和创新能力。  相似文献   
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