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1.
This study extends research on psychological restoration by encompassing a broad set of restorative situations available to urban residents. Preferences are assessed for mundane restorative situations comprising leisure activity, setting, and social context, given different levels of attentional fatigue. Attentional fatigue, activity-setting, and social context were experimentally manipulated. The settings for activities were home, park, city center, and transit. Participants (N = 70) read scenarios describing an attentional state and rated their preference for the situations. Results show interactive effects of attentional state with activity-setting and with social context. The park was most preferred given attentional fatigue. Results confirm that while residents may particularly value urban nature for restoration, their urban context also provides other mundane but attractive restorative situations.  相似文献   
2.
The purpose of this article is to identify key characteristics of the community of leisure scholars in North America and to use patterns derived from data about publication activity as a platform for discussing the nature and implications of concentration in leisure research at the individual and institutional levels. The study uses cluster analysis to detect patterns of research and publication activity among 1785 people who were associated with leisure research in North America in the 1990s, concentrating on the slightly smaller number of people (1631) whose names were listed as authors on at least one publication in all editions of 6 research journals and 14 conference proceedings from 1990 to 1999 inclusive. The results demonstrate that leisure research in North America is concentrated at both the individual scholar and institutional levels. For example, at the individual level, less than one-fifth of authors accounted for more than two-thirds of journal articles and conference papers. The implications of these findings are discussed with reference to issues such as the critical mass of scholars and problems of disciplinary isolation detected by previous researchers.  相似文献   
3.
Abstract

A laboratory‐type experiment was conducted to examine potential information overload causes and solutions. It was found that both information quantity and information complexity are potential causes of information overload. The experiment results also suggested that information overload problems may be reduced through carefully designed information display patterns. When designing survey questionnaires, attention must be given to potential causes of information overload. Methods of presenting information that ameliorate information overload must also be considered. As demonstrated in this study, survey designs can be tested in controlled, laboratory‐type experiments. The results of these experiments can then be used to improve the design of field survey questionnaires.  相似文献   
4.
This paper positions mixed methods as a complement to traditional qualitative and quantitative research. It provides an example of conducting mixed methods research by analysing the sociocultural sustainability of tourism as perceived by local stakeholders nearby Oulanka National Park in north-eastern Finland. Semi-structured interviews were linked concurrently to survey data from the same respondents. First, four discourses were identified based on 40 interviews with respondents about tourism development pertinent to the Protected Area Network (PAN) Parks international certification. Second, the differences between the representatives of the discourses were examined using non-parametric statistics. Results of the qualitative and quantitative analysis supplemented each other. The survey results supported the identification of four discourses and provided information about the representatives using the discourses. The discourse groups differed according to length of residence in the area, distance from the park, gender, employment in tourism, familiarity with PAN Parks, benefit from PAN Parks status, belief in the benefits of PAN Parks, satisfaction with tourism and park development, importance of the environmental dimension and satisfaction with various dimensions of sustainability. The study demonstrates that a better understanding of a problem may be acquired by using a mix of survey methods and interviews.  相似文献   
5.
高校教师职业倦怠对高校教师自身的职业发展和身心健康,以及学生的健康成长有消极影响。本研究表明,当前大学英语教师的职业倦怠程度并不很严重,职业倦怠程度高于工科教师而低于医科教师,成就感低是影响职业倦怠的主要因素;男性大学英语教师职业倦怠感高于女性;A型性格教师职业倦怠严重;职业倦怠与一般自我效能感、积极应对方式呈现负相关关系。  相似文献   
6.
高校实施警务化管理有利于培养大学生行为习惯、适应能力和创造能力,在尊重学生个性的前提下,通过情感管理、思想政治教育以及校园文化建设等手段,以学者型学生管理干部为保障,以社团活动为平台,以榜样力量为动力,有效引导大学生个性发展。  相似文献   
7.
高校隐性思想政治教育具有隐蔽性、愉悦性、多样性、持久性等特点,在思想政治教育中有着特殊的优势。高校应该更新思想政治教育的理念,建立隐性思想政治教育的制度保障,加强教育者言传身教,优化教育活动,营造良好的教育环境,提高隐性思想政治教育的效果。  相似文献   
8.
Recent studies on structural and relational embeddedness suggest that favorable position and connections in supply networks benefit a firm. While fruitful, this focus misses the motivations that prompt firms to take economic action in the first place. Understanding cultural embeddedness provides insight into why individuals and firms behave as they do and how their behavior can influence network structure. Contrary to the belief that firms act solely for profit and growth, we note that cultural contents such as values, social issues and political ideologies explain firms’ motives and guide their economic activities. We explore the role of cultural embeddedness through a grounded study of Country Natural Beef, a sustainability-oriented agricultural cooperative in the western United States. This supply network demonstrates strongly competing cultural claims among its members as well as a unique institutionalized culture. Cultural interactions at the node and network levels explain the functioning of and changes to the network. Through interviews, analysis of archival information and direct observation of pivotal events over a period of 5 years, we unpack cultural embeddedness and take an incremental step toward a theory of cultural embeddedness in cooperative supply networks.  相似文献   
9.
在实施创新驱动发展战略的背景下,工业技术研究院在各地蓬勃发展。在对地方工业技术研究院现有认识、观点和理解综述的基础上,应用科技创新治理、协同创新和项目导向型组织等理论阐述对地方工业技术研究院的新认识,指出地方工业技术研究的价值体现在提供了实现实验室科技成果到企业产品实现和产业化的科技成果转化持续机制的组织保障。  相似文献   
10.
构建了企业科技成果转化综合评价指标体系,将数据包络分析(DEA)与BP神经网络两种评价方法有机结合,建立了DEA-BP神经网络综合评价模型,利用该模型对1998年至2009年间上海市规模以上企业的相关数据进行了实证分析,验证了本文所构建的评价模型具有较高的精确度和预测能力,并根据评价结果,提出了上海市促进科技成果转化的一系列建议。  相似文献   
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