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1.
Recreation researchers have considered coping behaviors one possible explanation for wilderness recreationists' high overall satisfaction levels despite reports of visitor over-crowding and other social conditions exceeding acceptable levels. Studies of recreationists' use of behavioral coping and cognitive coping mechanisms have had mixed results. This study used field-based interviews and surveys to identify coping behavior by hikers in the wilderness areas of New York's Adirondack Park. Findings indicate that wilderness hikers develop complex and variable strategies of coping behavior to maintain multiple satisfactions.  相似文献   
2.
Abstract

Hunter retrieval of wounded deer was used as a case study to examine applications and limitations of leisure research for the management of recreational behavior. All hunters receiving permits to hunt in the Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge during November 1–20, 1983, were sent mail questionnaires. A total of 457 (93 percent) of the archery and 143 (95 percent) of the firearm permittees responded after 3 mailings. Archery deer hunters were estimated to have retrieved 29 (43 percent) of the 68 different deer hit by arrows. Shotgun hunters were estimated to have retrieved 42 (81 percent) of 52 different deer hit. Discriminant analysis showed that the retrieval of deer hit with arrows was most likely when the shooter had tagged a large number of deer during former archery hunts, when the deer was hit in a position other than broadside, and when the range of the shot was short. Deer hit with slugs were more likely to be retrieved when hit by hunters with little experience in tagging deer during former firearm hunts, when the shooter also hunted deer with a bow and arrow, and when the shot was taken at deer that were not running. These data were interpreted to suggest how retrieval rates might be increased through regulation, education, and management of the recreational environment. The role of leisure research and theory in providing techniques and a rationale for modifying the behavior of recreationists is discussed.  相似文献   
3.
This study blends service quality and importance-performance methodologies to extend previous research beyond traditional customer service domains. The study examined water-based recreationists' importance and satisfaction ratings across a battery of 19 individual attributes within four domains relevant to outdoor recreation satisfaction (facilities, services, information, and recreation experience). Both the satisfaction-only item scores and gap scores (difference between importance and satisfaction level) were analyzed to determine their relationship within their respective satisfaction domain and with overall satisfaction. The satisfaction-only measures were found to be significantly better indicators than the gap scores of domain-level and overall satisfaction. The items were found to be stronger predictors within the four satisfaction domains than within the overall satisfaction model.  相似文献   
4.
Abstract

This article explores relationships among hunting goals, hunting strategies, and harvest success and attempts to assess if and how the relationships between harvest and nonharvest goals and harvest outcomes change in the presence of selected intervening hunting strategy variables. Log‐linear analysis examines the relationship among harvest outcome, hunting goals, and hunting strategies. Hunting strategies were found helpful in explaining the patterns of harvest outcome, suggesting that how a person hunts may be as important as why they hunt. Hunting strategy is seen as a viable concept for use in future investigations.  相似文献   
5.
Visitors’ Emotional Responses to the Festival Environment   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Despite the importance of emotions and psychological commitment to loyal behavior, little empirical work has been done to explore their simultaneous effects on the festival loyalty development in the tourism literature. Guided by Mehrabian and Russell’s (1974) framework in environmental psychology, this study examined how emotions elicited from the festival environment influenced visitors’ postvisit behavior. Data were collected from visitors to community festivals using the onsite and postvisit survey procedure. Results revealed that festival atmospherics had a positive indirect effect on loyalty via positive emotions, satisfaction, and psychological commitment. Based on the study findings, both practical and theoretical insights were provided.  相似文献   
6.
西南部矿区污染耕地损毁程度等级研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
为了探索对矿区耕地损毁程度等级的评价方法体系,为其土地复垦工作提供一定的理论依据。采用Delphi法、层次分析法和模糊数学综合评价法,研究矿区污染耕地损毁程度等级评价方法。构建了污染耕地损毁程度评价指标(包括土壤重金属含量、土壤pH值、田面污染率、灌溉水质、土壤有机质和土壤微生物数量变化度6个指标)及权重系数,并建立了评价模型。并以云南省某金属矿为例,进行矿区污染耕地损毁程度等级评价,结果表明矿区耕地污染损毁程度为中度~重度,即污染耕地的损毁程度偏重,其损毁程度等级偏高,耕地污染损毁等级达到Ⅲ~Ⅳ级。本文可为矿区土地复垦方案编制、受损耕地的复垦措施及复垦方向确定等提供一定的现实指导意义。  相似文献   
7.
本文在对义务教育学校校长评价指标,灰色系统理论以及相关文献进行梳理的基础上,用灰色系统理论对义务教育学校校长的工作进行绩效评价,优化了传统绩效评价的方法,分析比较了不同校长之间各层面的差别使教育管理部门更加全面的分析原因,采取措施以提高教育水平。  相似文献   
8.
《Journal of Retailing》2022,98(2):294-314
This study investigates how retailers can leverage their brand to shape customers’ satisfaction with service encounters. It develops and tests hypotheses about how brand, store, and consumer factors moderate customer responses to experience clues during retail service encounters. Six meta-regression analyses synthesize and compare results from 842 satisfaction equations describing customers’ encounters with a global retailer operating 400 stores in 32 countries. The results show how customers weigh their perceptions of service encounters differently depending on brand, store, and consumer factors. In markets where customers believe the retailer has high holistic brand quality, they place less weight on experience clues within the store. In markets where customers believe the retailer’s service brand promise, they place more weight on in-store experience clues. In markets where the retailer promises utilitarian value, customers weigh functional experience clues more heavily. In markets with an online purchasing channel, the effect of experience clues common to offline and online store environments is magnified, and unique clues are diminished. In addition, customers heavily weigh experience clues that fit their goals. In general, retail success factors include high brand quality (which makes customers more forgiving), a service brand promise that is mirrored in the store image (which makes customers attend to the experience clues aligned with them), and the careful monitoring and managing of retail touchpoints (to customize experience clues to each market). In this way, retailers can use customer-based strategies to effectively design and manage their global retail brand in different markets.  相似文献   
9.
基于改进TOPSIS法的乡村振兴评价及地区比较   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
[目的]乡村振兴战略是破解"三农"难题,是实现农业现代化、农村繁荣、农民富裕的治本之策。而实现乡村振兴,农村繁荣,首先需要使用科学的方法对昆明市乡村振兴水平进行定量测度,并纵向与云南省和全国进行比较,通过科学测度和比较,充分了解当前各个目标任务的实现程度及差距,以便为指导下一步的工作方向提供依据。[方法]文章基于产业兴旺、生态宜居、乡风文明、治理有效和生活富裕5个乡村振兴战略目标任务,选取22个细化指标,运用层次分析法、熵权法和TOPSIS法对昆明市、云南省和国家2016―2022年(共6年,无2021年预测值)的乡村振兴程度进行定量测度和比较。[结果]从综合贴近度来看,昆明市各年的综合贴近度均高于云南省和全国;根据平均增长法测度的云南省综合贴近度高于全国,但现实情况是云南省低于全国平均水平,说明当前云南省还应加快乡村振兴步伐,否则可能实现不了2022年的目标。[结论]昆明市乡村振兴发展态势较好,部分二级指标贴近度的现实值超过了目标值,但要进入全国前列还需努力;云南省乡村振兴发展水平总体滞后,需加快推进力度以带动昆明市的进一步发展。  相似文献   
10.
A conceptual framework of salesperson satisfaction/dissatisfaction is presented and is used to develop several research propositions. Drawing from organizational behaviour and sales management research, the model incorporates various theories of motivation and emphasizes the role of intervening variables thought to be especially important in the context of sales occupations. Finally, the model draws attention to the dynamic nature of the relationships between salespersons' efforts, performance, intrinsic and extrinsic rewards, and job satisfaction/dissatisfaction. Copyright © 2011 ASAC. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
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