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利用江苏、四川两省1206名农村子女的抽样问卷调查资料,以农村非独生子女为比较对象,描述农村独生子女的学校教育特征,并从微观层面提出解释。农村独生子女的学校教育优势明显:文化水平更高、上重点学校的可能性更大、享有更多的家庭教育投入;独生子女身份、性别等个人因素,尤其是父母的文化水平、家庭的经济条件等家庭因素,能为农村独生子女的学校教育优势提供一定的解释。  相似文献
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中国职业学校英语教学的目标是培养学生掌握一定的英语基础知识和基本技能,侧重于有关专业技术的需要,加强专业知识和技能培养,提高学生在实际工作中应用英语的能力。但在实际教学中,却不尽人意。在此通过对职业技术学校英语教学的现状和存在问题的分析,从两个方面提出了英语教学适应职业教育的策略。  相似文献
3.
Empirical evidence suggests that parents with higher levels of education generally attach a higher importance to the education of their children. This implies an intergenerational chain transmitting the attitude towards the formation of human capital from one generation to the next. We incorporate this intergenerational chain into an OLG-model with endogenous human capital formation. In absence of any state intervention such an economy might be characterized by multiple steady states with low or high human capital levels. There are also steady states where the population is permanently divided into different groups with differing human capital and welfare levels. Compulsory schooling is needed to overcome steady states with low human capital and welfare levels. Tax financed education subsidies can lead to further pareto-improvements.  相似文献
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This study was conducted to determine the value added by Income-Generating Activities (IGAs) on the financial performance of public secondary schools, in terms of assets, liability portfolio, and net worth. Secondary school managers have the gigantic task of balancing meager resources between subsistence and development needs as well as good performance in national examinations. However, macro-economic shocks such as inflation, fuel shortage, and crop failure, among others, often militate against the success of public schools. School-based IGAs enable public schools to cope with external economic shocks, without necessarily passing down budgetary adjustments to parents. However, the country lacks a clear policy guideline to facilitate the initiation, management, accounting, reviewing, and financial reporting of IGA projects. Besides, there is no documented information regarding the value added by IGA initiatives to the financial performance of public secondary schools. The study found that IGA and non-IGA schools were significantly different in terms of category, student population, age, annual income, and number of paid workers. Schools having IGAs were 1.9 times more likely to own as many assets as schools not having IGAs. Besides, IGA schools were about 2.2 times less likely to have their liability in excess of the median threshold. Regarding net worth, the study found that schools having IGAs were about 2.1 times more likely to be operating above the median threshold; suggesting that schools having IGAs were wealthier than non-IGA schools. Based on the findings, this study concludes that IGA projects were beneficial to schools by improving the ability of schools to accumulate assets and manage their liabilities. The study recommends the need to: formulate an appropriate policy framework to guide and standardize IGA activities; initiate suitable training programs for school IGA managers; as well as engage business development managers to advice schools on IGA matters.  相似文献
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