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我国陆地边境口岸县设市研究
引用本文:蔡翼飞.我国陆地边境口岸县设市研究[J].重庆商学院学报,2014(5):90-100.
作者姓名:蔡翼飞
作者单位:中国社会科学院人口与劳动经济研究所,北京100280
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目(13CJL068)“我国人口-经济分布匹配性与区域均衡发展的路径选择”; 中国社会科学院创新工程项目“城乡劳动力流动、公共服务均等化与新型城市化”
摘    要:陆地边境口岸是国家对外开放格局中的重要支点,提升口岸地区的经济地位,完善口岸的社会功能,将口岸打造成集聚要素的平台,不仅有利于培育西部地区新的增长点,也有利于维护边疆稳定和民族团结。目前,口岸地区是我国经济整体格局中的薄弱环节,其发展水平甚至落后于西部地区的平均水平;启动陆地边境口岸县设市区划调整,是促进口岸区发展的重要"抓手",也是新型城镇化战略提出的重要任务。国家应尽快修订设市标准,成立口岸县设市咨询委员会,积极推进口岸县设市试点,并赋予口岸地区政府更高的外事权限,提高口岸地区基本公共服务水平,促进口岸地区的发展和繁荣。

关 键 词:陆地边境口岸  口岸地区  设市区划调整  设市标准  新型城镇化  人口聚集规模  城市辐射功能  边境贸易

Research on Changing the Counties into Corresponding Cities around the Land Border Ports of China
CAI Yi-fei.Research on Changing the Counties into Corresponding Cities around the Land Border Ports of China[J].Journal of Chongqing Institute of Commerce,2014(5):90-100.
Authors:CAI Yi-fei
Institution:CAI Yi-fei (Institute of Population and Labor Economy, Chinese Academy of Social Science, Beijing 100028, China)
Abstract:The ports of land border of China are important support points in China' s open outlay to foreign countries, not only new economic growth points in the west part of China can be helpful to be cultivated but also the stability and the solidarity for the nationalities are conducive to be maintained by these important support points by raising the economic status around the ports areas, by perfecting social functions of the ports and by building the ports into the platforms to accumulate the factors. Currently, the port areas are weak links in the whole pattern of China' s economy, their development level even lags behind the average level of the west part of China, thus, the important "grapple" for boosting the economic development in these areas is to launch the adjustment for changing the counties into cities around the land border ports and is an important task for the strategy of new-style urbanization. Chinese Government should rapidly modify the standard for the building of the cities, set up consultation committees for the changing of the part counties into the cities, actively promote the experiment for the changing of the part counties into the cities, empower the governments around the ports with more rights to deal with foreign affairs, boost the basic public service level around the port areas and facilitate the development and prosperity in the port areas.
Keywords:land border ports  port areas  administrative area adjustment of the cities  standard for the building ofthe cities  new-style urbanization  population agglomeration scale  urban radiation function  border trade
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