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多维视角下技术距离对企业研发合作关系影响的实证研究
引用本文:段庆锋,冯珍.多维视角下技术距离对企业研发合作关系影响的实证研究[J].科技进步与对策,2020,37(14):110-117.
作者姓名:段庆锋  冯珍
作者单位:(山西财经大学 管理科学与工程学院,山西 太原 030006)
基金项目:山西省高等学校哲学社会科学研究基地项目(2016325);山西省软科学项目(2017041003-1)
摘    要:企业间客观存在各种技术差异,对研发合作网络关系形成具有重要影响。借鉴技术生态位理论,从规模和结构两个维度探讨技术距离内涵,提出研究假设;以石墨烯领域合作专利为样本,采用指数随机图构建度量模型,开展实证研究。结果发现:在规模维度,技术宽度距离、技术深度距离正向促进企业研发合作;在结构维度,技术多样性距离、技术重叠性距离反向抑制企业研发合作。该结果说明规模层面的技术距离为合作双方带来新的要素组合可能,扩展了潜在创新空间,进而形成双方研发合作的创新动力;结构层面的技术接近为合作双方的知识交流与技术兼容提供了基础,降低了交易成本,提升了技术协同性,进而形成双方研发合作的创新基础。

关 键 词:技术距离  研发合作关系  技术生态位  指数随机图模型  
收稿时间:2018-11-21

Empirical Research on Impact of Technology Distance upon R&D Collaboration among Enterprises from Multi-views
Duan Qingfeng,Feng Zhen.Empirical Research on Impact of Technology Distance upon R&D Collaboration among Enterprises from Multi-views[J].Science & Technology Progress and Policy,2020,37(14):110-117.
Authors:Duan Qingfeng  Feng Zhen
Institution:(School of Management Science and Engineering,Shanxi University of Finance & Economics, Taiyuan 030006,China)
Abstract:There are actually various kinds of differences in exists among enterprises, which may impose significant impact upon relationship embedded in network of R&D collaboration. Meaning of technology distance were discussed overall in two aspects involving magnitude and structure of technology, and some theoretical hypothesis were proposed guided by technology niche theory. Moreover, statistical method of EGRM were used in empirical research based on the patents data in graphene field. Finally, research found that technology distance in dimensions of technological magnitudes measured by index of technology width and technology depth totally have positive impact upon relationship of R&D collaboration, but technology distance in dimensions of technological structure measured by index of technology diversity and technology conflict both have negative impact upon it. Empirical results shown that technology distance in aspect of magnitude would provide the new opportunity for innovative portfolio and extend the potential innovative space, which could offer both sides in R&D collaboration the driving force of innovation. Moreover, in aspect of technology structure, technology approximation would benefit to basis of knowledge communications and technology compatibility with lower transaction cost and higher technology synergism.
Keywords:Technology Distance  Relationship of R&D Collaboration  Technology Niche  ERGM  
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