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1.
美国金融系统在2002—2009年存在着严重的系统性风险。尤其是次贷危机对美国经济造成的影响,甚至超过了大萧条。社会各界普遍认为,美国的金融监管部门因为其设计的制度不合理,以致没有及时发现和控制美国潜在的系统性风险。系统性风险折射出的金融监管制度的缺陷主要体现在三个方面:以金融监管理念、监管对象和监管主体。这三个方面为主要内容的监管制度对风险的产生、积累和传播起到了推波助澜的作用。下面将从三个角度剖析美国金融金融监管制度存在的主要问题。  相似文献   
2.
地租视角下农村土地承包经营权流转问题研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
针对农村土地承包经营权流转问题的法学研究成果与经济学理论成果相互抵牾的困境,从地租视角揭示农村土地制度演变的内在机理,在对传统地租理论分析的基础上构建一个新的农村土地承包经营权流转地租理论。新地租理论应以农民土地承包经营权有效实现为研究对象,要将制度环境变化作为最重要的实现条件,其核心问题是形成一个完善市场经济体制下的农业用地地租分配体制机制。  相似文献   
3.

The paper presents a conceptual model of an integrated management information system for municipal parks maintenance and operations. Research efforts in management information systems are presented in three categories: Business Research, Federally Sponsored Research, and Park and Recreation Systems Research. A case is made for further empirical research, the development of normative models, and evaluative criteria in an attempt to realize the full potential of electronic data processing in parks and recreation.  相似文献   
4.
This paper explores the resilience of vulnerable tourism sectors to disasters in a period of global change and interdependence. The coral reef tourism industry is highly vulnerable to natural disasters and economic and political shocks. The paper also explains why enterprise resilience is central to sustainable tourism management, for economic, socio-cultural and environmental reasons. It extends the concepts of ecological and social resilience to that of enterprise resilience. Using scenarios and interviews with key enterprise staff, the study contrasts the levels of resilience of formal and informal reef tourism enterprises, and the factors associated with the enterprise resilience in Phuket, Thailand, following the 2004 tsunami and the 2008 political crisis. Informal enterprises reported better financial condition in a crisis scenario and higher levels of social capital in the form of government, family and community support than formal enterprises. Formal and informal enterprises both enjoy high lifestyle benefits from reef tourism, which supports resilience. Most formal enterprises had part foreign ownership/management (61%); no informal enterprise had any foreign ownership or management. Management policies supporting reef tourism should consider local nuances and the importance of lifestyle benefits for both formal and informal enterprises, and take steps to enable enterprise flexibility and cost-cutting during crises.  相似文献   
5.
我国银行体系在多年金融改革的发展过程中,发生了巨大变化,由过去单一的高度集中的银行体系逐步形成了全新的信贷服务体系,具体表现为国有商业银行、政策性银行、股份制商业银行和其他金融机构并存。与发达国家相比,我国信贷市场结构还不是充分竞争的市场结构,存在缺乏有效竞争、影响市场绩效提高等问题。如何有效发挥信贷市场的资源配置功能,解决信贷供求矛盾,通过信贷市场及时有效的传导于实体经济,成为信贷市场良性发展的重中之重。  相似文献   
6.
近几年,基层人民银行按照中国人民银行总行对农村信用体系建设工作的要求与部署,积极开展了农村信用信息数据库建设及农户信用等级评定等相关工作,取得了一定成效。但基层农村信用体系建设工作仍存在法律制度建设缓慢、地方政府组织领导作用不明显、数据库重复建设等突出问题,影响了农村信用体系建设进程。  相似文献   
7.
国家兴盛靠经济,经济繁荣靠企业,企业兴旺靠管理,管理关键是文化。民营企业在我国经济发展中扮演重要的角色,对于经济增长、技术创新和充分就业具有重要作用。对民营企业而言,应对后金融危机时代的机遇和挑战、实现企业健康发展,必须把重构企业文化、增强企业的凝聚力摆到重要的议事日程,只有这样才能使自身的市场竞争力和抵御风险能力有新的提高,实现企业的可持续发展。  相似文献   
8.
We consider a class of production–investment models in discrete time with proportional transaction costs. For linear production functions, we study a natural extension of the no‐arbitrage of the second kind condition introduced by Rásonyi. We show that this condition implies the closedness of the set of attainable claims and is equivalent to the existence of a strictly consistent price system under which the evaluation of future production profits is strictly negative. This allows us to discuss the closedness of the set of terminal wealth in models with nonlinear production, functions which may admit arbitrages of the second kind for low production regimes but not marginally for high production regimes.  相似文献   
9.
This article presents the outcomes of an evaluation of the impact of the series of mergers of the local exchange companies that have taken place between 1988 and 2001 on an important measure of performance of the firms undergoing the mergers. The analysis reveals that after firms have undertaken one merger they experience little or no growth after such mergers, but the impact of second mergers on firm growth have been negative. If an important motive in undertaking mergers has been to enhance firm growth, then the merger waves that have been approved and consummated have led to performance declines. The impacts of the merger wave on the growth of the telecommunications sector firms have been negative.  相似文献   
10.
The economic reforms implemented by the Thein Sein government face several challenges, some of which continue from the past military regime and some of which are new. The government is starting to overhaul institutions in order to obtain market‐based macroeconomic policy tools, which will possibly eliminate a long‐lasting fundamental cause of economic instability. One essential challenge is to design policies to encourage private capital, and to promote the agricultural and manufacturing sectors, which have already shown a high potential. At the same time, a regulatory framework and a well‐functioning financial system, which are essential to encourage private capital with market discipline, must be developed. A recent rise in natural resources exports created both a fiscal cushion and balance‐of‐payments surplus, which seems to have promoted reforms. However, the government should be aware that the recent favorable conditions may not last for a long future.  相似文献   
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