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1.
Tourism stakeholders’ perceptions of national park management in Norway   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Local tourism firms represent an important stakeholder interest in national parks. The present study examines these stakeholders’ perceptions of management processes and their assessments of the resulting management plans and operations. This research is based on qualitative interviews with representatives of tourism businesses in two different national park settings in Norway – Rondane National Park and Jotunheimen National Park. The findings illustrate that despite their general support for the national park status, the local tourism stakeholders interviewed had experienced only minor involvement in the management planning process, and had had very little influence in the final management decisions. They believed that opportunities for business operations were lacking due to excessive management restrictions, and that managers lacked competence with regard to business management and tourism development issues. In addition, they thought that management authorities should more explicitly include sustainable tourism development in their visions and goals. Based on the findings, it is assumed that there is potential for local tourism operators to take greater responsibility in planning processes and management operations. It is concluded that measures should be taken to foster durable social links and trustworthy planning partnerships between responsible managers and local tourism stakeholders in the two national parks.  相似文献   
2.
This paper positions mixed methods as a complement to traditional qualitative and quantitative research. It provides an example of conducting mixed methods research by analysing the sociocultural sustainability of tourism as perceived by local stakeholders nearby Oulanka National Park in north-eastern Finland. Semi-structured interviews were linked concurrently to survey data from the same respondents. First, four discourses were identified based on 40 interviews with respondents about tourism development pertinent to the Protected Area Network (PAN) Parks international certification. Second, the differences between the representatives of the discourses were examined using non-parametric statistics. Results of the qualitative and quantitative analysis supplemented each other. The survey results supported the identification of four discourses and provided information about the representatives using the discourses. The discourse groups differed according to length of residence in the area, distance from the park, gender, employment in tourism, familiarity with PAN Parks, benefit from PAN Parks status, belief in the benefits of PAN Parks, satisfaction with tourism and park development, importance of the environmental dimension and satisfaction with various dimensions of sustainability. The study demonstrates that a better understanding of a problem may be acquired by using a mix of survey methods and interviews.  相似文献   
3.
Abstract

Retailers wish to expand their standard private label (PL) adopting a multi-tiered portfolio. We study the effects produced by the introduction of two new PLs quality-tiers (economy and premium) on the market share of various national brands (NB; premium-quality and second-tier) and the standard PL. This study proposes a model that accommodates three effects (similarity, attraction, and compromise) for understanding how the introduction of economy and premium PL may affect market incumbents. This study also analyzes the effects of introducing new PL quality-tiers for customer segments. Our results indicate that when economy and premium PL are introduced in the market, the choice probability of standard PL decreases, especially for high purchase quantity customers and PL loyal customers. In addition, introduction of a premium PL decreases the choice probability of second-tier NB and premium-quality NB, especially for PL loyal customers and high purchase quantity customers.  相似文献   
4.
近几年,在政府的高度重视下,安徽省的文化创意产业发展势头良好。但还存在缺乏特色、资金不足、人才匮乏、知识产权创造和保护不够等问题。要想实现建设文化大省的目标,安徽省需要学习外省市的先进经验,结合自身情况,在产业特色、文化内涵等方面下功夫,加大对文化创意产业的投融资,大力培养和引进专业人才,加强科技与文化的融合。  相似文献   
5.
国俗语义是民族文化特性在语言上的体现。空间方位概念是人类在实践基础上形成的最基本的概念,人们把这种空间概念投射到其他领域,赋予了空间方位词以更多的意义。由于英汉语言使用者的生活环境、文化、认知能力等有相似、差异性和独特性,英汉空间方位词的国俗语义也表现出语义重合、语义相异及语义空缺现象。对英汉空间方位词国俗语义的对比研究可以促进对空间方位词的全面认识,减少交际中的文化冲突。  相似文献   
6.
The evolution of private labels (PLs) can be understood in terms of a strategy adopted by the retail industry with the aim of competing with national brands (NBs). In the 1990s, this strategy led to the development of ‘me too’ products, which currently represent the largest share of store brand products. Since the early 2000s, retailers have widened the range of their store brands by introducing high‐quality products. The aim of this study was to estimate consumers’ attachment to ‘me‐too’ and niche PLs respectively, as compared to NBs. We captured the degree of maturity of these PLs through their price‐elasticities, computed for three staple goods offered by three mass retail companies. It was found that price sensitivity does not differ much between the ‘me‐too’ PLs and the corresponding NBs. This result confirms that ‘me‐too’ products are now considered reliable quality brands. However, in the high quality segment, consumers remain more sensitive to the price of PLs than to that of NBs, a characteristic which may relate to their recent introduction on the market.  相似文献   
7.
面对着经济、科技全球一体化和军民融合式发展趋势,国防科技重大工程迫切需要进行有效的技术总成。本文首先结合国防科技重大工程的特点,在技术整合概念的基础上进一步深化提炼出了技术总成的概念,然后基于协同理论和网络组织理论,介绍了基于任务分解的国防重大科技工程组织协同网络模型的类型,最后根据不同类型模型的特征,构建了面向技术总成的两种国防科技重大工程组织协同网络模型。  相似文献   
8.
方龙  何东  张强 《科技和产业》2013,13(9):76-79
自国务院实施知识产权战略以来,知识产权作为推动科技创新的重要力量越来越得到社会各界的重视。知识产权联盟的发展,是深入推进知识产权战略的重要抓手之一。成都是全国首批知识产权示范城市,有发展知识产权联盟的较好基础。从技术转移联盟,细分产业知识产权联盟和产业园区知识产权服务联盟三个层面多种形式,构建起城市完整的知识产权联盟体系,将对成都市的知识产权工作带来新的机遇和挑战。  相似文献   
9.
研究目的:为国家试点政策"农民住房财产权抵押贷款"的抵押登记落实,解决理论和操作困难,探索可行的操作路径。研究方法:实证分析、历史分析、法律解释。研究结果:(1)以户为单位的宅基地使用权决定着农民住房财产权的归属,家庭户成员对住房财产权享有共有权利;(2)抵押登记是表意行政行为,以形式审查为主。抵押期限、反担保主债权数额、超额抵押等问题属于民事意思自治,行政权不应越界干涉。研究结论:住房财产权抵押登记的诸多困难,需要综合考虑理论与实际,以寻求现实中可操作的方法。  相似文献   
10.
城乡建设用地增减挂钩中土地权属调整研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
研究目的:分析增减挂钩政策中土地权属调整面临的困境,探讨权属调整途径,立足于保障集体和农民合法权益,提出创新和完善增减挂钩政策的建议。研究方法:政策分析法。研究结果:集体土地所有权权属调整面临缺乏法律依据、空间约束性强、集中居住区土地性质模糊等困境;集体土地使用权权属调整面临实践与法律脱节、集中居住区土地及房屋产权界定困难等困境。研究结论:在法律层面为集体土地所有权流转正名并保障集体土地和国有土地"同权同价,同等入市"以及建立新型集体经营制度;实践中土地所有权向村集体集中并依法流转、农地使用权以"确权确股不确地"方式交由集体经营、扩大集体经营性建设用地入市交易规模。  相似文献   
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