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1.
This study applies the Färe–Primont index to calculate total factor productivity (TFP) indices for agriculture in 17 regions of Bangladesh covering a 61‐year period (1948–2008). It decomposes the TFP index into six finer components (technical change, technical‐, scale‐ and mix‐efficiency changes, residual scale‐ and residual mix‐efficiency changes). Results reveal that TFP grew at an average rate of 0.57% p.a. led by the Chittagong, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Dinajpur and Noakhali regions. TFP growth is largely powered by technological progress estimated at 0.74% p.a. Technical efficiency improvement is negligible (0.01% p.a.) due to stagnant efficiency in most of the regions. Decline in scale efficiency is also negligible (0.01% p.a.), but the decline in mix efficiency is high at 0.19% p.a. Decomposition of the components of TFP changes into finer measures of efficiency corrects the existing literature’s blame of a decline in technical efficiency as the main cause of poor TFP growth in Bangladesh. Among the sources, farm size, R&D investment, extension expenditure and crop specialisation positively influenced TFP growth, whereas the literacy rate had a negative influence on growth. Policy implications include encouraging investment in R&D and extension, land reform measures to increase average farm size, promotion of Green Revolution technology and crop diversification.  相似文献   
2.
Although the topic of conflict has been extensively studied in the distribution channels literature from a domestic perspective, there is relatively little published research examining the construct within the international distribution channels context. This is of particular concern because cross-national channel partnerships are on the rise, and divergent cultures may engender heightened conflict, which has a deleterious effect on channel performance. This article explores the extent to which different channel leadership styles, predicated on Hofstede's dimensions of national culture, can be effective strategies to manage conflict in international distribution channels. Specifically, the article examines whether the relationship between leadership style and conflict in international distribution channels is moderated by national culture. Additionally, the impact of manifest conflict on international channel partner performance is investigated. A conceptual model and research propositions are developed. The use of leadership styles to manage disagreements among international channel partners is argued to be culturally specific. International channel management implications and directions for future research are suggested.  相似文献   
3.
一国在他国建立军事基地或者驻军,或者说一国接受他国在本国建立军事基地或者驻军,是世界军事强国必然要面临的一个问题。中国在境外目前并无军事基地或者驻军,这是实然式的结论。但是,这并不意味着将来中固在境外不能建军事基地或者驻军,更不意味着在国际法或者国内法上存在障碍。相反,作为负责任的世界大国,中国在境外建立军事基地或者驻军不仅有必要,而且可行。为了做到“师出有名”,应当首先在国内法上为其提供法律支撑。  相似文献   
4.
结合信息技术对中国城市影响的实际,从信息技术影响下城市空间相互作用方式、空间结构的构成要素及其影响因素的变化出发,对信息时代国内城市功能特征进行研究变得尤为重要.全球化、柔性化、复合化、差异化已成为信息时代城市功能的主要特征;信息流和接入信息的能力变得尤为重要;每个城市都成为全球或区域城市网络的一个节点;部分服务的区位选择因此也表现出较大的弹性;城市居住空间分异仍然存在,影响因素越来越复杂.  相似文献   
5.
Community resilience is a term that describes the community's ability to function amidst crises or disruptions. Community resilience is perceived as a fundamental element in emergency preparedness and as a mean of ensuring social stability in the face of crises, including disasters. However, there is a paucity of empiric evidence for this conjecture. This paper demonstrates the use of the Conjoint Community Resilience Assessment Measurement (CCRAM) for estimating the ability of a community to be resilient in the face of disaster. Six factors of community resilience were identified based on a study conducted in nine small to medium size towns (N = 886): Leadership, collective efficacy, preparedness, place attachment, social trust and social relationship. Multiple logistic regressions yielded the CCRAM protective factors for perceived community resilience. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis confirmed the quality of the CCRAM as a diagnostic tool for perceived community resilience. The CCRAM tool is presented as a potential provider of information for authorities and decision makers as an aid for foreseeing and planning towards the challenges present during emergency times.  相似文献   
6.
The paper looks at poverty and inequality across areas in Malawi. The focus is on both monetary (consumption) and non‐monetary (health and education) dimensions of well‐being. Stochastic poverty dominance tests show that rural areas are poorer in the three dimensions regardless of poverty line chosen. Stochastic inequality dominance tests find that the north and south dominate the centre in health inequality, and there is no dominance between the north and south. With respect to education inequality, dominance is declared for the south‐centre pair only. A subgroup decomposition analysis finds that the south contributes the most to consumption and education poverty, while the centre is the largest contributor to health poverty. We establish that within‐area inequalities (vertical inequalities) rather than between‐area inequalities (horizontal inequalities) are the major driver of consumption, health and education inequality in Malawi.  相似文献   
7.
在市场体制逐步健全、政策法规日趋成熟、"军民融合"不断深入的新形势下,军工企业利用资本市场进行上市融资的趋势日益凸显。本文首先结合我国中小企业股权融资方式,梳理了军工企业常用的股权融资方式,并重点介绍了上市融资的必要性;然后对我国军工企业上市融资现状及存在问题进行深入分析;最后基于军工集团自身特点及外部环境,提出了相应的对策建议。  相似文献   
8.
9.
本文基于我国中小板和创业板960家上市企业2015~2019年年报数据,采用文本挖掘法构建度量企业数字化程度的指标,通过面板固定效应模型和多重中介效应模型就中小企业实施数字化变革对企业绩效的影响及其内在路径进行实证检验。研究发现:中小企业实施数字化变革可以通过提高运营效率、降低经营成本、提高创新水平,进而提升企业绩效;国有化程度和资本密集度的不同,会为中小企业实施数字化变革影响企业绩效的程度带来差异。本文试图揭开中小企业通过数字化变革创造多维价值进而提升企业绩效的“过程黑箱”,为鼓励中小企业积极拥抱数字化浪潮,实现自身高质量可持续发展提供理论与实践价值。  相似文献   
10.
Previous research shows that knowledge integration mechanisms (KIMs) mediate the cross‐functional collaboration‐product innovation performance relationship; however, this mediating effect seems to be rather weak. This study, in contrast, develops a moderated mediation (MOME) model to argue that such a mediating effect is moderated by product innovativeness. A sample comprised of 106 manufacturing firms is utilized in the analyses. A moderated‐mediation approach shows that the mediating effect of KIMs in the linkage between cross‐functional collaboration and product innovation performance varies by different perspectives of product innovativeness. From an industry (macro‐level) perspective, product innovativeness positively moderates the mediating effect of KIMs on product innovation performance; in contrast, such a moderating effect is not significant under a firm (micro‐level) perspective. Copyright © 2011 ASAC. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
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