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环境规制与企业技术创新相互促进的机理与实证研究   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
环境规制与企业技术创新之间是相互促进,相互作用的。环境规制一方面通过时期效应和强度效应促进企业技术创新,另一方面通过提供信息和搏弈的规则,保护产权、激励创新资源的有效利用和流动引导企业进行技术创新。同时,企业技术创新又通过企业技术创新本身的张力、企业社会责任、可持续发展等对环境规制产生反作用,两者之间成棘轮效应。  相似文献
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The evidence suggests that a surprisingly large number of firms comply with pollution standards even though expected penalties for non-compliance are quite low. This paper establishes an environmental social norm model that embodies collective environmental actions among firms. It provides a plausible explanation for these puzzling empirical findings. In this social norm framework, we also explore how the extrinsic pricing incentive affects the intrinsic environmental morale among firms. By taking into account the crowding-out effect of pricing incentives, we show that pollution taxes may not be an effective tool in fighting pollution.  相似文献
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This study tests the proposal that by undertaking voluntary capital expenditures that are subject to lengthy environmental regulatory delays, listed companies can gain a competitive advantage. The stock market is found to react positively to new capital expenditure announcements when projects are expected to experience long delays in obtaining environmental regulatory approval. Two sources of potential competitive advantage are firm learning and first mover advantages. Lengthy delays in regulatory processes and high compliance costs incurred for environmentally‐sensitive projects may allow firms opportunities to develop specialised capabilities and/or to deter industry competitors and new entrants, resulting in greater expected project NPVs. The findings also underscore the importance of non‐financial environmental information to investors in their assessment of firm value.  相似文献
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