首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   2篇
  经济学   2篇
  2008年   1篇
  2006年   1篇
排序方式: 共有2条查询结果,搜索用时 0 毫秒
1
1.
重点学科是高校科研和培养高层次人才的主要依托,是出高水平成果的基地,也是衡量一所高校学术水平和知名度的标志。在对平衡计分卡和高校重点学科进行分析的基础上,利用平衡计分卡的结构和功能建立起一整套由具有因果关系的目标和衡量指标组成的高校重点学科评估体系,旨在为高校重点学科评估开辟一种新的方法。  相似文献
2.
Many incentive contracts are based on subjective evaluations and contractual disputes depend on judges’ decisions. However, subjective evaluations raise risks of favouritism and distortions. Sport contests are a fruitful field for testing empirically theories of incentives. In this paper the behaviour of the referees in the Italian soccer (football) league (“Serie A”) is analyzed. Using data on injury (or extra) time subjectively assigned by the referee at the end of the match and controlling for factors which may influence it (players substitutions, yellow and red cards, penalty kicks, etc.), we show that referees are biased in favour of home team, in that injury time is significantly greater if home teams are losing. The refereeing bias increases greatly when there is no running track in the stadium and the crowd is close to the pitch. Following the 2006 “Serie A” scandal we test whether favouritism emerges towards teams suspected of connections with referees finding that these teams obtain favourable decisions. Social pressure by the crowd attending the match however appears to be the main cause of favouritism. I would like to thank Francesco Aiello, Martin Brimble, Maria De Paola, Filippo Domma, Nicola Meccheri, Antonio Nicita, Michela Ponzo and two anonymous referees for useful comments. The usual caveats apply.  相似文献
1
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号